Dissertation > History, geography > History of China > Semi-colonial and semi -feudal society ( 1840 to 1949 ) > New Democratic Revolution Period (1919 ~ 1949 ) > During the Second Revolutionary Civil War ( the Agrarian Revolutionary War ) (1927 ~ 1937 )

The Study of Relief System of Nanjing Government

Author MaZhen
Tutor WangLin
School Shandong Normal University
Course Modern Chinese History
Keywords Nanjing Government Relief System
CLC K263
Type Master's thesis
Year 2006
Downloads 308
Quotes 8
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Nanjing government was the period that a great natural calamity takes place frequently. Relieving the victim of disaster became an important job of Nanjing government, so the construction of relief system seems particularly important. From studying the relief system of Nanjing government (1927-1937) , this thesis try hard to study the institution of relief, the procedure of relief ,analyze its profit and fraud, and the reason that influenced the result of relief system.There are five chapters in this thesis. Chapter one investigated the structures and functions of special relief organization and temporary relief organization. It is an important modernized behavior for relief system of Nanjing government to sets up the special relief organization and accompany with the temporary organization.Chapter two is the measure of preparing before relief, including investigating disaster, raising the relief fund, purchasing and transporting the product of relieving, and checking the relieving. These procedures demonstrate obvious modernized characteristics in concrete implementation.Chapter three is the implementing method of relief. It includes urgent relieving, worker’s relieving, and health epidemic prevention. Founding agricultural relieving is a great contribution to the history of relief for Nanjing government. Its influence is far-reaching. Pay attention to health epidemic prevention is another progress in relief system. This article choose the Huaihe River floods in 1931, the Yellow River floods in 1933, national Big Drought in 1934 and the Yellow River floods in Shandong in 1935,etc.as examples. From these researches, the article attempts to investigate how the regulation promotes the development of undertaking relief, and the defects and deficiencies of the relief system that examined in actual operation.Chapter four is the part that evaluates the relief system of Nanjing government. The relief system of this period takes on the tendency of modernization.But a great deal of questions is also existed in its system. Such as the duty is not clear and right is not belong to one in organization structuring, some concrete measures still have drawbacks, the low efficiency of relief organization, etc. There are many aspects in influencing the relief system to produce its factor, which there should

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