Chongqing economic development based on energy efficiency perspective transformation
|School||Chongqing Technology and Business University|
|Keywords||sustainable development the transition for low-carbon economy energy efficiency low-carbon city|
It has become a consensus and a win-win option for more and more countries to realize the green recovery, to develop green emerging industries, and to implement a transition to green low-carbon economies, and the world economy has started to enter into an unprecedented transition in response to the international financial crisis and global climate change. The original driving force behind the world economic transition comes not only from the urgent need to respond to the international financial crisis, but also from the practical needs to respond to global climate change and to ensure the safety of resource and environment, and therefore, this transition shows a sharp green, low-carbon feature and trend, making this economic transition a real“low-carbon economic transition”.China is entering the ranks of middle-income countries in the critical period of industrialization and urbanization, with increasing consumption of resources, but the national conditions of large population, relative shortage of resources, ecological innate vulnerability and very limited environmental carrying capacity decide that its long-following energy, resource and pollution-intensive economic growth mode can not be sustained, so a path must be explored that is in line with China’s national conditions, resource-saving, environment-friendly, green and low-carbon. Therefore, the national“Twelfth Five-Year Plan”referred to“regard scientific development as the theme, change the mode of development" an unprecedented height, and the whole plan is around main line of changing the way and realizing the economic transition. Saving energy is China’s long-term strategy of economic and social development, and it’s also the key focus to achieve a low carbon economy, so the research about low-carbon economic transition must include energy efficiency analysis.As one of the eight pilot low-carbon cities, Chongqing is the only municipality in the Midwest and also one of the five major cities, shouldering the strategic mission“to create an important growth pole of the western region, to accelerate building into the economic center in the region of upper Yangtze River and the municipality with both urban and rural development”, and it is urgent to accelerate the transition for low-carbon economy and to achieve sustainable development; also, Chongqing’s development experience can affect the western region even all the country by demonstration. Therefore, it has some practical significance to study the development and economic transition of Chongqing. In addition, China’s low-carbon economy is still at the beginning and explorating period, with the relevant systems and policies not perfect, the development model not formed, relevant researches neither comprehensive nor thorough, so it should be regarded as a contribution to the study for low-carbon economy theory to analyze Chongqing’s transition issue.This study first analyzed the relationship between various factors of production (especially energy) and economic growth with the method of the gray relational analysis, and made clear the imapacts of all elements on economic growth; then it studied the relationship between“three industrial wastes”and all kinds of energy consumption, and also established a model to evaluate the energy efficiency of Chongqing, so as to analyze the problems in Chongqing’s energy using; and finally, it proposed countermeasures to increase energy efficiency and to promote restructuring and development of Chongqing.The study came to these conclusions: Energy is the engine of economic development of Chongqing, as Chongqing’s economic growth in the last decade has depended heavily on energy consumption, and the capital investment has been playing a more important role in promoting economic development; improving energy efficiency to reduce energy intensity is a necessary requirement for maintaining sustained and steady economic growth, however, under the circumstances that Chongqing has the low technical level without the optimal scale in energy using, it is not the best choice to blindly pursue increased investment, we should make efforts to improve the technological level, to integrate the investing resources, to expand the production scale and to achieve scale economy in the following development; a series of measures and efforts aiming at improving the environment that Chongqing has been taking have paid off, while the economic and social development is essentially maintained at a relatively stable state, we should determine a strategic objective that makes the economy, the environment and the society develop harmoniously, so that the economy is better developed, the environment is more optimized, and the society is more progressive in Chongqing area; according to developed countries’experience of low-carbon economy, we should work hard in the folling directions to promote Chongqing’s transition for low-carbon economy: strategy development, policy support, system innovation, technological progress and concept changing.