Local government environmental performance evaluation system
|School||Ocean University of China|
|Keywords||Local government Environmental Protection Performance appraisal Institution building|
Government has a high degree of responsibility in the field of environmental protection. This article through the study of the theory and analysis of the current performance appraisal system of local government environmental protection, summed up the problem of local government in environmental protection work, the experience gained in the process of environmental performance appraisal practice and shortcomings, attempt to establish an effective, operational environmental performance appraisal system, and start from the system construction, by means of legislation, public participation, and improve the environmental assessment system, to ensure the effective implementation of environmental performance evaluation. Firstly, a brief overview of the current situation of environmental protection in China, in traditional practice, the government the environmental administrative functions show a series of questions, pointed out that the main reason for ineffective local government environmental work, one of Extensive the mode of economic growth, the second is abiding by the law, lax enforcement. Necessity, importance and urgency of promoting environmental protection work through the establishment of a scientific and strict environmental performance appraisal system. After empirical research in-depth analysis of the current performance appraisal system of local government environmental protection, and two cases of the Qingdao municipal government, regions and municipalities evaluation system and a comprehensive evaluation system of state-level development zone investment environment for research, government environmental performance evaluation , depth summary of the operating mode of the current performance appraisal system for local government environmental, structural features, to gain experience and to highlight the problems, mainly including the low status and lack of incentive indicators set imperfections and lack of objectivity proposed The two aspects of the idea of promoting environmental performance evaluation indicator design and system building. On the basis of the theoretical discussion and methods, the paper attempts to build a government environmental performance evaluation index system. Based on the meaning of environmental performance assessment, and indicators of system design basic principles of understanding, to select the 18 impact of government environmental performance of the main indicators, and according to various indicators and government environmental performance assessment of the intrinsic association, to determine each index assessment the right weight and appraisal standards while the design of the main indicators of data collection methods and procedures, clear government environmental performance status assessment ideas, which initially established environmental performance evaluation index system for local government. Finally, to ensure that the environmental performance evaluation through institutional building effective implementation of this insight and constructive comments, participate in, index design and revision mechanism by speeding up the construction of the legal system, the normative assessment of the program, by expanding public participation, play to influence public opinion and supervision, strengthen the responsibility to implement the means to further improve the environmental performance appraisal system of local government, to ensure that the performance appraisal can run a stable and powerful, to effectively promote the purpose of the local government's environmental protection work. This article built for the local government environmental performance evaluation theory has done a useful exploration to provide preliminary theoretical basis, to improve the administrative efficiency of government environmental, and has a certain value, the concept of the use of indicator design and system building, methods, models and related recommendations available to government decision-making departments reference.