High School Geography Education Content and Strategies for Disaster Inquiry
|Keywords||Senior high school geography Disaster education Content system Strategy|
In the 21st century, frequent catastrophes bring us many a diversity of losses and damages and thus the disaster prevention and reduction has aroused the whole society’s concern. In order to cultivate citizens’ awareness of disaster prevention and reduction and make them conduct the disaster prevention and reduction activities correctly, a disaster education should be thoroughly publicized. Regardless of an era requirement, geographic characteristics or the development trend of geographic education, the disaster education based on geography should and will be able to undertake the important mission of disaster prevention and reduction education.This thesis makes research on the content and strategy of disaster education in senior high school geography by using literature study method, action study method and case study method. At first, it briefs the theoretical basis of disaster education and its research at home and abroad by means of literature study. Then, it analyzes the disaster awareness and capabilities of our country’s senior high school students according to survey, finding that the foundation of disaster education for senior high school is relatively weak. That is, the students’ disaster knowledge is insufficient and they are poor in the disaster emergency and escape. Further analyzing reasons of these phenomena, this thesis analyzes the content system and implementation ways of disaster education of senior high school geography. In the process of implementing disaster education in senior high school, a number of problems exist. For instance, the curriculum provision is improper; no relevant auxiliary teaching stuffs are available; the ways for disaster education are undiversified and disaster rehearsal activities are neglected and suffer a small coverage. Disaster education would not work without the concerns and cooperation from school, family and society. It is high time to enrich the content system and implementation ways of disaster education and change the previous ways of disaster education. Disaster education is supposed to be diversified and open. We should therefore focus on the geography subject, establish the curriculum provision that caters for the requirements of disaster education, master geography teaching, use the teaching modes of various kinds and implement a penetrative education. Meanwhile, we should strengthen the integrated practices centered on disaster rehearsal.Enlarge the manpower of disaster-oriented educators, develop relevant auxiliary teaching stuffs for disaster education, strengthen teachers’ training, increase the investment in disaster education and build up the disaster education base. This thesis aims at rendering some enlightenment and aids to the geography teachers at senior high school in terms of disaster education via a study.