The national anti drug research
|Course||Modern Chinese History|
|Keywords||the period of the Republic of China the national anti-opium association ban on opium-smoking and opium trade|
Since the last years of the Qing Dynasty, the problem of opium in China has become more and more serious and has turned into one of the important problems that restrict Chinese development towards the modernization. Early in the twentieth century, following the rise of nationalism and the fruitful development of ban on opium-smoking and the opium trade movement launched by the Qing Dynasty and the Republic of China, the national anti-opium movement rose rapidly and pushed the ban on opium-smoking and the opium trade movement forcefully. The foundation of the national anti-opium association in the mid-twenties made the movement approach the climax. The association, a nationwide anti-opium organization, which was composed of more than 30 nongovernmental groups and recruited people from all kinds of social status, propagated, educated the public, supervised the government’s actions on anti-opium movement, investigated the condition of drug taking and handled the career of giving up smoking opium inside; It also propagated our government’s and people’s decision against opium, opposed intensely the big powers’ policy which brought disaster to our country with drug, appealed actively to international cooperation in anti-opium outside. The national anti-opium association promoted greatly the development of anti-opium in China during more than ten years. The article takes the anti-opium association as the object of study. Though the analysis of its important activities, viewpoints, characteristics, the attitude of government toward it, the article tries to present distinctive features of anti-opium in the period of the Republic of China, shows the great distribution given by the nationwide anti-opium movement to the anti-opium career of China and reviews its historical inspiration deeply.The preface gives an outline about the general study of anti-opium movement and the main idea of the article. The body is divided into six chapters. The first chapter traces back to the background of the foundation of the national anti-opium association and points out its foundation is an inevitable outcome of the development of international and national environment and the anti-opium movement. The second chapter depicts the complete picture of anti-opium movement lead by the association through the detailed description of its important activities. The third chapter refines its important viewpoints more distinctly. The fourth chapter analyses the attitude of the government of the Republic of China toward it. The change of the government’s attitude reflects its great distribution for anti-opium career and its unyielding spirit. The fifth chapter gives a further analysis of the national anti-opium association and the movement lead by it .The sixth chapter gives an impartial assessment to the association.