Design and Research of Urban Toilet and Its Landscape
|School||Kunming University of Science and Technology|
|Course||Art of Design|
|Keywords||Kunming public toilets design research|
The public toilet this thesis discussed refers to the ones located in curbside of a city. Clothes, food, residence and vehicle have been talked a lot as they were very close to our daily life, but the topic about toilet was thought indelicate and seldom to be discussed. The present problems modern society have to faced with such as environmental pollution, ecocide, and resource scarcity have great relationship with the constructing of toilets. Coupled with the realism that our toilets are dirty, disorder, poor in conditions and small in amount, the toilet problems have become an important fact that restrict the normal course of our society and economy. As the city has been enjoyed a good reputation for the name of spring city, Kunming is making new planning to optimize the developing surroundings and elevate its integrated strength. However, the overall conditions of the public toilets are not very ideal, which has become the obstacle in the way for further development.The research range and object of this thesis is the public toilets along the streets of Kunming. Against the background of city development, how can toilet constructing conforms the development of the city and meets user’s demands is what the thesis focuses on, and with the research opinion that public toilets is obbligato in one city’s develop policy.First of all, as an antecedent, the course of history in the development of toilet and in which our public decency and custom are formed. Then the conclusion is made out that the developmental history of toilet is another human civilization development history. Secondly, the present public toilet questions are analyzed from all sides. Such as the classification, function, attributes, problems and the revolution about the public toilet. Thirdly, with an in-depth survey and study on the actual state of the public toilets about the construction and management, the actual state is not very ideal and needs to be improved. At the same time, the related comments and proposals about the management and usage in the future are brought out. The strategies and methods in the design of the public toilets in Kunming mainly contain two close interrelated levels, the macroscopic certainty and the microscopic exploration. The macroscopic certainty means to bring out correlative design principle, and the microscopic exploration is how to settle the detail problems during construction. Strategy and method, macroscopic and microscopic shows the future of the public toilet design in Kunming to success:the design methods contain the scientific method, such as the planning design, the architectural design and the assignment of the facilities, the ecological method, such as the ventilation design, the daylight design, the lighting design and the felicitous usage of the ecological technology, the humanism method, such as the free of obstacles design and the guide design.Throughout the study on this subject, this thesis brings out the feasible design strategies and methods of Kunming public toilets which can both suit the development of the city and meet the users’demands well. This can provide a reasonable way about how to design the public toilets, and also be helpful to relevant policy making and managing means.