A Study of Chinese Environmental Control System and Performance
|School||Zhejiang University of Finance|
|Keywords||Environmental control Regulation failure Economic growth Performance|
With the reform and opening policy, the economy of China has made a rapidly development, but environmental are getting worse. In the process of regulating environmental, law-executor should not strictly enforce the Protection Act Of Environmental after that the environmental turn worse. In this system, Chinese environmental should improve the efficiency of environmental regulation, so affect the environmental effect. So it is quite necessary to study of the system of environmental regulation.Based on the above analysis, this paper is in the guideline by the economics regulation, from the China-specific environmental regulatory system. With the Chinese environmental pollution and the current situation of the environmental regulatory system. We should learn from the environmental regulatory system analysis of environmental regulation performance by the United States, Japan and the Germany. Firstly, in this paper is analyzing the impact on the factors of the system environmental regulation, by which summarize the main factors of the performance of environmental regulation. Secondly, by analyzing main factors of environmental performance required and environmental regulatory system. Developing the advantage analysis of the current Chinese system of environmental protecting methods and search using the protect law. Thirdly, by combining the normal level of Chinese environmental control distribution, by analysis the cost benefit to the rent-seek of environmental regulation in order to the better implementation. Finally, connected with the provincial panel data of the year 1994-2009 for empirical testing of these hypotheses, and concluded the relevant conclusions.The main innovation of this article:Firstly, this paper is analyzing a detail of Chinese environmental regulatory system. Effects of system environmental regulation mainly rely on the merits of possible environmental control system. Therefore, analysis the problems of Chinese environmental regulatory system, in order to protect environmental better. In this paper, a framework for environmental control system combine with the current development stage, environmental control, environmental control system analysis and make relevant policy recommendations. Secondly, this paper is analyzing the central Ministry of Environmental Protection Bureau on the local level of environmental protection among law enforcement incentives, to guide local enforcement of environmental protection bureau to report truthfully by enterprises sewage discharge, and to carry out pollution protect. Pollution companies collusion with local environmental enforcement bureau, directly affect the efficiency of environmental regulation. Through analysis shows that the central Ministry of Environmental Protection to improve the local environmental protection bureau of law enforcement incentives, which can reduce the local environmental enforcement bureau reporting, omission, underreporting. Of course, it could increase penalties of polluting companies, then the polluters will be measured in terms of rent-seeking is unfeasible. In order to reduce the sum of rent-seeking and sewage.Thirdly, in this paper, we use the year of 1994-2009 panel data on the theory of provincial experience in hypothesis testing. Mainly use the provincial level, the amount of the number environmental pollution, fiscal decentralization, environmental regulatory standards, economic development level and the staff of protection environmental and other aspects. By use of panel data regression analysis, studies show that the current system of environmental control of environmental pollution play a catalytic role, so that at this stage of environmental control is not perfect. Economic developing play a role in accelerated the environmental pollution. This shows that Chinese current environmental regulatory system is still not perfect, performance or environmental controls are negative.