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An Existentialist Study of Maugham’s of Human Bondage and the Moon and Sixpence

Author LiRui
Tutor LiuJianFeng
School Jiangnan University
Course English Language and Literature
Keywords Maugham Sartre Absurd Select Free Responsibility Self-deception
Type Master's thesis
Year 2010
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William Ilminster, Somerset Maugham (1874-1965) was a 20th century English literature, one of the great masters in literature and the world literary. In 60 years of writing career, he created a large number of short stories, novels and plays by the different levels of people's favorite. Today, many Maugham works, however, from the study of the existential point of view, little, thus we try Maugham's masterpiece \\First, in the introduction, the main Somerset Maugham's life and literary achievements, \as well as the feasibility and significance of this study. Then, in the second chapter, the paper will introduce Sartre theoretical perspectives. From the perspective of the history for a bird's eye view, out of the main line of Sartre's existentialism development, the introduction of its existential essence, that existence precedes essence, be explained by the core concept of the absurd, choice, freedom of action, self-deception, responsibility. Chapters III and IV is the main part of the thesis, this part of existentialism Sartre combined with a large number of classic examples of text interpretation. In accordance with the principle of existence precedes essence, the third chapter from the absurdity of the world start talking about the survival of the state of his characters, while the fourth chapter will explore the reaction or the pursuit of the characters in the absurd living environment. Chapter III includes three concrete manifestation of the absurd and nothing in the text: religious hypocrisy, bizarre and emotional real life vagaries. The face of the absurd, people will have different responses, Chapter IV began to explore the different responses of his characters. In accordance with the perspective of Sartre responsibility concept, in the face of absurdity, everyone has a responsibility to make choices and take action to make their own freedom. The first part of this chapter will discuss choose to commit suicide or self-deception to escape the characters and stories of their own responsibility. The second part will be mainly on the stories of Philip and Stephen Crane and responsible. They accept the reality and make a choice, take action, and the final step toward the freedom of the spirit. \resolutely and perseverance. Departure choices and behavior of the characters explained in this section, this article from the selection brought assume the perspective of others and social responsibility, pointed out that the the Stephen Crane responsibility inadequacies. In In Conclusion Chapter V, I will Throughout Philip and Stephen Crane absurdity of unremitting struggle for freedom courage to choose and select the accountability, and certainly the basic realization of their self-value and pointed out that the realization of the value of fully reflects the essence of Sartre's existentialism. Throughout this chapter in its entirety to compare the similarities and differences between Maugham, Philip and Stephen Crane, and ask: they really defined by Sartre free? Pursuit of freedom has always been a never-ending, perhaps this is Maugham Inspiration to Us.

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