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Irony in Aristophanes’ Works of Women and an Attempt on Feminist Interpretation

Author LeQiang
Tutor LuLiAn
School Fudan University
Course English Language and Literature
Keywords Aristophanes Irony Feminism Leisy Cui Da Mother Earth Day Women Citizen Women's Conference
CLC
Type Master's thesis
Year 2010
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This paper focuses ancient Greek playwright Aristophanes three women work --- \Interpretation: Why choose women as irony playwright object? these three works how to motivate feminist reading? feminist criticism in the original basis, this paper how about reading feminist perspective? Aristophanes is representative of Old Comedy writer, his work was completed in three women 411-392 BC, the work is full of satire on society at that time. The heroine of distinct and tragedy, Aristophanes works through the efforts of women to be involved in public affairs and success, and in the society at that time, women involved in civil society is seen as infringement. Women's success is the cornerstone of Aristophanes irony. In addition to the introduction and conclusion herein, this master's thesis and body of three chapters. Introduction describes the life and works of Aristophanes a brief introduction, outlining the criticisms about his work and this thesis research methods and purposes. The first chapter discusses the works of Aristophanes irony. Irony contains three meanings: Fantasia and social reality of irony to the righteous; brave heroine Funny housewife with the righteous; surface and deep solemn farce for righteousness. This chapter also discusses the work of irony techniques: Fantasy, banter, farce and facelift. The second chapter discusses the works of the relationship between irony and feminist. Aristophanes the female protagonist as ironic choice stems from his two emotional balance and compromise - misogyny and daughter, which I will detail in the paper. Aristophanes may not be feminist, but his works contains a wealth of feminist context. His work depicts women through irony against patriarchy and patriarchal despotism, and makes men marginalized. This chapter also uses Bakhtin's \The third chapter discusses the work of feminism. Mike Shaw on \Like men, they are individual performance, as the city-state's citizens can effectively protect the interests of self and the city and to fulfill their civic duty in times of crisis. In a series of women's sports, women practiced their value as human existence and identity: ethnic identity, gender identity, religious identity, these identities through androgynous, autonomous and cooperative spirit to get the recognition and realization. Conclusion that Aristophanes for women's views are contradictory. On the one hand, he was deeply traditional misogynist thinking, so he will target women as irony, drama plays female roles are interpreted as the embodiment of female depravity and ignorance. On the other hand, he believes that women could become a political alternatives to save the deteriorating state, women leaders, and therefore is portrayed as traditional male leaders, wisdom, efficient and capable. In three women play, Aristophanes describes women both through irony weaknesses Likewise, through irony to improve image of women, deconstructs the patriarchal society in the center of Athens, centralized position. Aristophanes and men balance allowing women to become another social forces, to encourage gender equality. From this point of view, the three women he works undoubtedly has a strong practical significance.

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