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An Ecocritical Study of John Steinbeck’s the Grapes of Wrath

Author ZhangYaQing
Tutor ZhaoJianXia
School Zhengzhou University
Course English Language and Literature
Keywords Steinbeck The Grapes of Wrath Ecocriticism Anthropocentrism Ecological Thought
Type Master's thesis
Year 2009
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John Steinbeck, winner of the Nobel Prize for literature in the 20th century, one of the most important writers in the history of American literature. The paper uses eco-critical theory, in-depth analysis and interpretation of their masterpiece \This thesis consists of three parts of the introduction, body and conclusion. Introductory part on the basis of a literature review of \problems. The text is divided into four chapters. The first chapter gives an overview of the historical background of the ecological criticism, and briefly describes the theoretical points of this article. The second chapter to explore the root causes of the the Steinbeck ecological thinking. Firstly, the formation has an important impact on their ecological thought life experiences. Authors through retrospective Steinbeck and nature intimate contact, the learning of the Hopkins Marine Station, and his best friend - marine biologist Edward Like Zi profound friendship, respectively pointed out that its formation of Steinbeck ecological thinking the impact. Last elaborate serious ecological crisis of the 1930s occurred in the United States, which is another important reason to promote \The third chapter discusses the Steinbeck in \He condemned human disregard for the laws of nature to indulge in irresponsible misuse of land, and that the human anthropocentric thinking, if not overcome the ecological crisis will deteriorate further. Steinbeck also directed at science and technology, the use of science and technology in the the anthropocentrism values ??driven, human wanton looting and destruction of the land, which not only caused serious ecological crisis and led to the alienation of the human relationship to land. Steinbeck criticism man obsessed with the expanding material desires, the pursuit of material wealth at the expense of the interests of others, their behavior will eventually damage the harmonious interpersonal relationships and undermine the stability of the overall ecological system. Chapter IV reveals Steinbeck in \Works full of praise and awe of a variety of animals, the that shows Ecological Ethics Thoughts Steinbeck advocate that all life has intrinsic value and right to exist. Ecological Holism on the relationship between man and nature, Steinbeck show exhaustive in his work, he believes that the human conquest of nature will inevitably lead to the consequences of both: natural suffer trampling and human suffering, but also believe that the human spirit from not The open nature. Humans and nature co-exist in \Steinbeck's ecological overall outlook is also reflected in his warm praise harmonious interpersonal relationships, which play an important role for the maintenance of the ecological overall stability and balance. Further interpretation the the eco lifestyle advocated by Steinbeck, that people should be less material desires, a little more on the pursuit of spiritual wealth. The conclusion further stressed the \The works reveal ecological thinking there is still a great inspiration for us today.

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