The Problematic Research on the Ideal about Value and Justice of Socialism
|School||Hefei University of Technology|
|Course||Marxist Theory and Ideological and Political Education|
|Keywords||justice socialism fair efficiency|
Justice is the fundamental conception of value and standard. It is connected with currently social system, on this basis, which stipulates basic rights and duties, resources and interests how to arrange and distribute equitably among communities and members. Therefore, justice has always become to be a mankind’s spirit appearance and an inherent ground of society.The connotation and purpose of socialism not only embodies a rational arrange of value but also endows a new content to justice. The appraisement of system about justice that comes from a minimum basic morality gives expression to mankind’s subjective attitude, but it is an objective existence. The appraisement comes from productive practice and is reflected by fair and efficiency in the practical livelihood. This paper attempts to explore the socialistic justice on the basis of both of ethics that are the most influential in the contemporary West.In the first chapter, this paper introduces the current exploration and introspection about justice from Deontology and Utilitarianism’s angle. In the second chapter, I emphatically introduce the basis value choice of socialism that is a process which experiences from ideal to system practice. Then in the third chapter, by rethinking the Soviet Uion’s system pattern and comparing with the Western Liberalism, we can draw from a new recognition and regard fair and efficiency as the judgment standards about socialism justice. At last, this paper introduces the moral rationality of justice about China characteristic socialism. The aim why to do this is to formulate and symbolize the rationality and legitimacy about China ’s social practical livelihood. To be more specific, it is to provide theory support for China’s reform and development.