Dissertation > Medicine, health > Pharmacy > Pharmacology

Effects of Class I c Antiarrhythmic Agent, Propafenone on Myocardium Inotropism in Isolated Papillary Muscle of Guinea Pig

Author BaiFeng
Tutor LvJiYuan;JiaYongPing
School Shanxi Medical
Course Cardiovascular within science
Keywords propafenone myocardium inotropism papillary muscle guinea pig
Type Master's thesis
Year 2004
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AIM: To investigate the effects of class Ⅰc antiarrhythmic agent , propafenone on myocardium inotropism and explore it’s possible mechanism in isolated papillary muscle of guinea pig.METHODS: Developed tension (DT), maximum rate of contraction (+dT/dtmax), maximum rate of relaxation (-dT/dtmax) were measured during isolated papillary muscle perfusion with propafenone. Observed the effects of propafenone after administration of L-type calcium channel blocker, nicardipine and selective Na+/Ca2+ exchange inhibitor, KB-R7943.RESULTS: (1) At concentration of 0.1, 1, 10, 30μmol L-1, propafenone could attenuate DT from control 0.176±0.050 g to 0.141±0.032、0.116±0.029、0.083±0.018、0.053±0.015 g, respectively (P<0.01). The IC50 was 10μmol L-1; +dT/dtmax was decreased from control 1.788±0.452 mg s-1 to 1.580±0.371、1.458±0.289、1.235±0.189、0.970±0.149 mg s-1, respectively (P<0.01); -dT/dtmax was suppressed from control 1.606±0.248 mg s-1 to 1.452±0.276、1.255±0.190、0.915±0.262、0.784±0.221 mg s-1 respectively (P<0.01). (2) After administration of L-type calcium channel blocker, nicardipine (2.0μmol L-1), propafenone (10μmol L-1) further decreased DT, +dT/dtmax, -dT/dtmax from 0.099±0.017 g、1.316±0.242 mg s-1、1.241±0.171 mg s-1 to 0.061±0.010 g、1.107±0.226 mg s-1、0.894±0.234 mg s-1, respectively (P<0.01). (3) After the administration of selective Na+/Ca2+ exchange inhibitor, KB-R7943 (1.0μmol L-1), propafenone (10μmol L-1) decreased DT, +dT/dtmax, -dT/dtmax from 0.177±0.021 g、1.484±0.278 mg s-1、1.631±0.234 mg s-1 to 0.087±0.009 g、1.164±0.006 mg s-1、1.045±0.230 mg s-1, respectively (P<0.01).CONCLUSION: In this study, we found that (1) Propafenone has significant negative inotropic effect in isolated papillary muscle in the normal guinea pig . (2) The inhibition of L-type calcium channel and Na+/Ca2+ exchange of propafenone may contribute to its negative inotropic effect.

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