Russian chapter in the process of understanding the psychological mechanisms
|Course||Russian Language and Literature|
|Keywords||The recipient Process of understanding Psychological mechanisms Chapter information Reading Comprehension Psycholinguistics Knowledge structure Memory structure Cognitive structure Parallel structures|
Chapter is the product of the words of the creative process, it has integrity, reflected in the written material, and depending on the type of text material processing, the product of the language, including the name (title) and a series of independent units (super-sentence unity), combination with a variety of vocabulary grammar, logic, rhetoric and other means of contact as a whole, the language there is a clear intention and the purpose of communication. Chapter is the unity of the internal structure and external structure is the unity of form and content, with integrity. The psycholinguistics stressed the integrity of the chapter. А.А. Леонтьев, А.М. Шахнарович, Ю.А. Сорокин, И.А. Зимняя, В.П. Белянин famous Russian psychological linguists believe that the chapter is a holistic, complete concept with a certain continuity of meaning, the proper purpose of the speech works. From a psycholinguistic point of view the integrity of the chapter has two meanings. One refers to the unity of the chapter in the form and content. In other words, the integrity of the chapter is not only manifested in the internal form and structure of a language system, the most important, it first is the significance of the phenomenon, reflected in the unity of its meaning, and focused, coherent information on The second chapter refers to the recipient's. Ю А. Сорокин in the chapter of research integrity and coherence that \continuity of language / verbal construct and an adjacent non-factors to build contacts and the same column of contact is determined by the corresponding to the language law. \and if people generate symbols and understand the activities of the process of symbol. the recipient and lt; WP = 49 gt; symbolic interaction of individuals, while the chapter is to be the recipient comments in the recipient-of-concept (thinking) with the symbol product of the information system. \From the psycholinguistic point of view, chapter in the understanding of the recipient must be a few propositions connected into a meaningful whole, and logical information processing, access to the overall significance of the chapter. Proposition level and the relationship between the process of text comprehension has an important impact on the recipient precisely understand and grasp the overall meaning of the chapter is based on the proposition (propositional content) and their relationship-based. , The chapter has the coherence of the internal structure of the language system. Г.Я. Солганик pointed out: in the form of logical thinking structures on the basis of coherent discourse has two structural forms-parallel structure and chain structure. Parallel structure reflects the parallel nature of the development of thinking, ie in two judgments, thinking, starting from the same subject, illustrated by a different body of the above; chain structure reflects the chain nature of the development of thinking, that a proposition The last part of the starting point of the second proposition development, the first proposition of the above title is the theme of the second proposition. The basic pattern of the performance of the theme of continuity: ① The lt; a1, b gt; lt; a1, c gt; lt; a1, d gt; Liu (2) [lt; a1, b gt; lt; a2, c gt; lt ; a3, d gt; Liu ③ The [lt; a1, b, gt; lt; a2, b, gt; lt; a3, b gt; Liu ④ The [lt; a, b, gt; lt; b, c gt; lt; d gt; Liu chapter information and its consistency is the basis to constitute a chapter in the meaning systems. Chapter information is a chapter in an important way to achieve the content of language symbols. The information structure of the chapter is the constant from known to unknown, step by step, and thus the formation of an unknown into the known, the known another unknown chapter in the information chain. Embodied in the form of linear expansion of \Russian psycholinguistics attaches great importance to the recipient's chapter in the study factors, with particular emphasis on the recipient's cognitive structure. The purpose of communication is actually to build mutual understanding mechanism. Hair lt; WP = 50 gt; the meaning of the words (chapter) only by the words people understand, accept, can be achieved. Subject to if people understand the processing chapter information, chapter information may be narrowed or expanded. Implicit in the chapter in a variety of image meaning, associative meaning, evaluation of significance, symbolic meaning, as well as a complete proposition significance, relies mainly on the recipient's cognitive structure (motives, attitudes, feelings, experiences, knowledge structure, chapter default proposition activation, memory structure, etc.). For the recipient, text comprehension is a mental activity, multi-level cognitive processes. Chapter in the process of understanding requires the following components of cognition: a knowledge structure and chapter default; two chapters focus;, memory structure; 4, Proposition activation. Recipient in understanding the chapter, the following principles: one, to understand the accuracy of: 2, understanding the integrity; 3, the depth of understanding; understanding of creativity. Text comprehension is based on the recipient's cognitive structure, especially the knowledge and background of the knowledge structure of a language as a precondition. Because the recipient does not have the appropriate knowledge structures, will not be able to interaction with the chapter, it is impossible to complete the cognitive activity of the chapter. This paper attempts within the psycholinguistic framework, combined with the theory and ideas of Russia and the West Reading Comprehension, analysis of the proposition of the chapter, the continuity of form and structure, information structure and their mutual relations. From the principle point of view of the cognitive component, text comprehension, the recipient chapter to understand the psychological mechanisms of try.