A Study on the Union of China Strategies of CHIANG Kai-shek, 1926-1937
|Course||Modern Chinese History|
|Keywords||Chiang kai-shek the Republic of China Union|
Chiang kai-shek is a key person in the history of the Republic of China. From 1926 to 1937, he had been taking a series of measures to scheme the union of the Republic of China. To achieve this political purpose, Chiang kai-shek had various approaches to fight with different political parties. The whole China didn’t gain a basic but temporary union under the strategy of“Union United front against Japanese Invasion”until 1937.Chapter one, Chiang kai-shek’s thoughts on the union of China actually derive from Chinese traditional thoughts of Full Unification, modern thoughts of nationalism and Sun Yat-sen’s thoughts. Apart from that, Chiang kai-shek emphasizes that states union is the foundation of domestic and diplomacy affairs, claim to exterminate the power of warlord with arms handling and unifies the whole country with Dr Sun Yat-sen’s“Three Principles of The People”, Chinese traditional spirit and some thoughts on legal system.Chapter two, Aim at the Bei Yang warlord, Chiang kai-shek adopts military forces to unify the state. Early in the Northern Expedition Movement, he makes revolution quickly developed, by the means of union other power of revolutionary forces, splitting up warlord influence and avoiding interference from imperialists and unifies China in form.Chapter three, To realize virtual union of the Republic of China , Chiang kai-shek executes the policy of disarmament and cancelling the Local Political Meeting, which caused the rebellion from the new warlords in the Republic of China. Chiang kai-shek suppresses the Local Political Meeting with arms, and till 1930,rebellion from different powers has been repressed basically. As a result of Chiang kai-shek’s dictatorship and his compromise with Japanese imperialists ,some senior generals launches succession in the incident of Guangdong, Fujian Incident, the Incident of Guangdong and Guangxi, Xi-an Incident etc. However, Chiang kai-shek successfully solves all the incidents either by direct suppression ,or by political negotiations. Chapter four, The Chinese Communist Party of China gradually became a hostile political power in the eyes of Chiang kai-shek. In the early 1930’s, Chiang kai-shek adopts the policy of“Resisting invasion of the foreign countries must firstly stabilize the domestic situation", and laid seige to the regime of Chinese Communist Party. Through the effort of Communist Party of China, Chiang kai-shek changed the former policy and then Kuomintang and Communist Party of China come to the second cooperation. Finally, the whole China realized the union under the policy of“National united front against Japanese invasion”.Chapter five, Japan has been adopting the invasion policy to China. To cope this station, Chiang kai-shek takes various measures, including advising Japanese warlords to give up invading China, and then fighting with Japanese invaders, pining down Japanese invaders by other foreign influences, well-prepared for the counter attack and surrender to Japanese Imperialists. The key strategy is to postpone the outbreak of the war between China and Japan by surrendering. This compromise leads to the loss of territory in North-eastern China, and the whole northern China is under the control of Japan.Chapter six, Chiang kai-shek ’s strategies on the state’s union have achieved some positive effects as a result ,he unifies the Republic of China basically. another, such strategies have some negative effects, which result in somewhat the breaking-up the Republic of China, in the process of unifying it.