Food reserves of food security and improve the management of
|School||Central South University|
|Keywords||Grain Reserves Grain Security Management|
The grain is the most basic subsistence means of the human society’s survival and development, it is the most important cargo stabilizing the market and guaranteeing national economy and the people’s livehood, it also is the worldwide strategic resources simultaneously. The grain security question has been the hot topic one which the government, the academic circles and the common people pay attention to.The grain reserves are the reservoir and the stable adjusting the grain supply and demand undulation and achieving the grain supply and demand balance, thus it is regarded as one more ideal method by which country carry on to the grain market, and the main guarantee on the national grain security and the effective emerge procedures solving the grain security. But the grain reserves system in our country also exist some abuses that the grain reserves goal is much excessively, the scale is big, the variety layout is unreasonable and so on enabling the central grain reserves not to achieve the anticipated effect to the country grain security macroeconomic regulation and control function. How to operate by the low cost and the high efficient and manage the central grain reserves well become a problem needed to be solved in our country grain security system construction currently.This research analyzes the present situation about our country food security and the grain reserves and the new situation the food security faces at present, takes adjustment principle and the macroeconomic regulation on the grain reserves’ supply and demand as the bases, unifies the massive facts and data, by the method that comparative analysis and the empirical analysis comprehensively, obtains that the leading goal of our country grain reserves is the food security by the analysis to the impact on which the factors that the goal, the scale and the structure and layout of the grain reserve and so on have the grain security. According to the safe, economical and nimble principle, the scale of the state grain reserves should be 30-35 million tons; the variety of the central grain reserves should be the rough rice, the wheat primarily, giving dual attention to the reasonable distribution and storage of the production area, the sell area and the balance area between production and marketing. Based on that, be compared to the overseas grain reserves and mode of administration, the article proposed improved suggestion on the grain reserves management and measure, namely consummating the grain reserve system, perfecting the grain reserves operation mechanism and strengthening internal management of the central grain reserves system.