New rural construction in the eco- village planning studies
|School||Central South University|
|Course||Urban Planning and Design|
|Keywords||Eco-village city Eco-Village surburb Eco-village typicality Eco-village edge Eco-village|
Since the Central Committee and the State Council made construction of a new socialist countryside, the new rural planning work is undertaken in the country in full swing open, Given avoiding rural planning urban renewal of the old road construction, ecological village planning and construction work is to be growing.Based on the ecology, landscape ecology, industrial ecology, eco-architecture and the theory of sustainable development, this thesis makes sustainable rural development objectives-ecological villages, and tries to build ecological villages in the basic theoretical framework. Ecological villages use ecological planning, landscape science, industrial ecology and eco-architecture principles, and follow the strategy of sustainable development, through rural ecosystem structure adjustion and function integration, rural eco-cultural build and ecological industries development. On the basic of effective coordination and development of realize the rural community economy and rural ecological environment, and further promote the economic development of villages. Ecological countryside is a complex ecosystem, including natural, economic and social three major subsystems. Through material recycling and energy, flow of information, it come true efficient harmonious play of production, life and the ecological function.Based on the new rural planning practices, the paper studies the ecological village’s planning and the theory of several countries, and compare research of domestic villages with them, and also promotes both similarities and differences among them. Moreover, several favorable conclusions are draw on China’s ecological village planning, and are applied by the study. In this foundation, this article divides four kind of ecology villages, first city Eco-village: Is located in the city or small towns planning area, this pattern key lies in the village to use to replace, carries on the intensive construction to the village by the plot form, consummates beautifies the plot interior environment; second suburban Eco-villages: Is located the cities suburb, the village current economic condition is better, its development pattern lies in processes between the good village and the cities uses the function reasonable layout, simultaneously forms the village - cities overall ecology network system, mainly develops the ecology to go sightseeing the industry; third typicality Eco-village: Mainly is situated between nearby the city Eco-village and between the edge Eco-village, the village agriculture resources is rich, its development pattern lies in the realization tradition agriculture to modern ecology industry reforming; fourth edges Eco-village: Is located the cities administration boundary, the village is situated remotely, has the good traveling resources, the development pattern key lies in excavates and constructs the common people residence, the common social practice, the folk custom as well as the ecology village culture connotation.This article take in the present village nearby the quantity more typical Eco-village, the city the Eco-village as well as the city medium Eco-village conducts the research as the actual case, namely actually participates in the plan by the author Tianhu village, Lishi village and Tuanshan village sets an example the case, the union Socialism new countryside constructs the plan and the request, the utilization corresponding type ecology village carries on plans and constructs.