Research on Specialized Physical Fitness and Match Load of Undergraduate Tennis Players in Jiangsu Province
|Course||Physical Education and Training|
|Keywords||Sports training study tennis the special physical ability competition load project characteristic college students|
As the hot issues in the research field of current sports training, the special physical ability and competition load level and sports events are closely linked, and different levels of athletes in different matches have different performance. By using the method of documentation, video analytic method, experimental method, questionnaire and mathematical statistics, this thesis conducts a research on the special physical ability and competition load of college tennis players in Jiangsu province, which will provide the useful basis for players’training and competition and also be of great value and significance for the theory of sports training. The conclusions are as follows:1 Tennis sports event is a high strength event which is held in different places throughout the world, with more sports times and longer lasting time; meanwhile, this event mainly manifests in the form of aerobic exercises and intermittent anaerobic exercises.2 Tennis player’s special physical ability refers to "the ability which tennis players own to bear a heavy load and adapt to the environment changes in tennis sports, it’s the integrated embodiment of the athlete’s body shape, physical function, sports quality and health level."3 Competition load is a work measurement which athletes work in the specific time. It contains running distance、speed、strength、length、a certain number of times and technical action、the difficulty combinations form and difficulty and competition level and properties.4 The special physical ability evaluation indexes of tennis player which include running speed、ball velocity、service success rate、non-winners mistakes、forehand speed、backhand speed、change to run distance、hitting height when serving ball and competition displacement distance etc.5 The competition load evaluation indexes of tennis player which include every beats in every quarter or match、serve number and average speed、forehand hitting and average speed、backhand hitting and average speed、nets volley times、wonderful times and event properties.6 The features of students’competition load can be represented by measuring and contrasting the cardiac rate in different period of time and the characteristics of blood lactic acid changes before and after the competition.