Research on Athletics Gymnastics Horizontal Bar Technology Development Regularity
|School||Xi'an Institute of Physical Education|
|Course||Physical Education and Training|
|Keywords||athletics gymnastics horizontal bar technology development rule|
Athletics gymnastics competitive sport in China is always in various large-scale integrated match against the main project title card. Horizontal bar, as an individual, artistic gymnastics with appreciation is the strongest, risk biggest instrument gymnastics, known as the "king" of reputation. And the subject of technologies as horizontal bar project, the history of the development of high bar technology review, we cannot help put forward:different period of what features high bar technology? What factors by high bar technology development the impact? These factors have what relation? The development of the high bar technology what rules? This research is in the full collection world athletics gymnastics three series (the Olympic gymnastics competition, World Cup gymnastics competition, world gymnastics championships) the game and various information high bar, on the basis of the society, history and development from the aspects of the high bar technology evolution research man historical process, and rules, training and other technical development of the influence of high bar, and explore the development rule of man horizontal bar technology and characteristics, reveals the development trend of the high bar technology, rich athletics gymnastics theoretical research, the high bar technology for our country the sustainable development of the theory and experience accumulation; In practice, horizontal bar technology development for our country to provide theoretical reference.This study integrated use a literature material method, mathematical statistics method, expert interview, logic analysis, video observation research methods.Research conclusions are as follows:(1) the development of high bar technology mainly can be divided into the following stage:the 1950’s, is the modern athletics gymnastics initial stage; high bar technology The 1950s-in the 1970s, the pioneering basic stage of modern horizontal bar, giant seings updated era, form "blocks" type giant swings and "vibration waves" technology; In the 1970s-2000, is modern horizontal bar technology development and innovation stage, all kinds of flight movements, new kinds of XiaFa; In the 21st century, a new guise movement, complex connection, horizontal bar comprehensive vigorous comprehensive development stage.(2) the influence factors of high bar technology in the following aspects:the social factors, is the development of the high bar technology of external conditions and environment, it to the development of high bar technology plays a indirect role; Rules on the high bar technology factors played by the orientation and the guiding role; Training factors of the development of the high bar technology plays a promote and safeguard action; The core factors, is the subject of high bar technology development, the development of the high bar technology in the most direct role plays.(3) the development of high bar technology general law and special law. General rules:"difficult" and "beauty" the unity of opposites relations; "Stable" and "risks" the unity of opposites relations; Horizontal bar technology development process quality mutual change rules; In the process of high bar technology development law of negation of negation. Special laws:many factors synergy law; The core factors leading law; Periodic mutation rule; Guidance law the rules factor.(4) horizontal bar technology development stage rule:the 1950’s horizontal bar technology development mainly reflects freedom development regularity; From 1950s-1970s wangshifu high bar technology development mainly reflect the rule; Since 1970s mainly embodies rules high bar technology development under the guidance of technical rules winner.