A Study on Pupils’ Ways of Coping and Its Relation to Temperament
|School||Liaoning Normal University|
|Course||Developmental and Educational Psychology|
|Keywords||Primary school students Coping style Temperament|
Important period of development of the primary school stage as an individual psychology and behavior , the primary school 's Healthy Personality by the close attention of the people . Among them, the ability to cope with stress and frustration is one of the core competencies of the healthy development of children . However , research on coping styles mainly in adolescents and adults , little research for primary school students coping style , but also a lack of effective measurement tools . In this study, as an entry point to enrich the primary response to the study of theory, effective sound personality education for the school to provide the theoretical basis and practical basis . First, the preparation of test check tool for primary school students coping styles . Structured interviews , naturalistic observation , open-ended questionnaire and theory on the basis of the preparation of the school context Pupils ' coping style self-assessment questionnaire . Reliability and validity of the questionnaire indicators have reached the statistical requirements , is ideal. Secondly, to explore the structure and characteristics of the primary school students coping style . Primary school students self coping style self - assessment questionnaire to explore the structure and characteristics of the primary school students coping styles . Exploratory factor analysis found that primary school students coping style can be divided into evade attacks , problem solving , patience, self-blame , fantasy distractions and seek the help of five dimensions . Primary and secondary school students in the school the most way to deal with problem solving, using a minimum number of coping strategies to avoid attacks , and a child coping style age and gender differences . Finally , explore the primary school temperament and coping style . The study found that there is a significant correlation between the pupils temperament and coping style , temperament is an important factor of the primary school students coping styles .