Gender Analysis on Maternal and Newborn Healthcare in Village of An’xian, Sichuan Province
|Course||Epidemiology and Biostatistics,|
|Keywords||Maternal and Child Health Gender Socio-economic status Family Status Gender awareness Self-care awareness Structural equation modeling|
Aim of the present study is China - the fifth cycle of the United Nations Population Fund reproductive health / family planning project sub-topic \more fully explore the maternal and child health behaviors and related factors, especially the introduction of quantitative research methods to explore maternal and child health in the gender impact mode. Designed questionnaire and qualitative interview outline in the project counties to conduct investigations. Refer to the \On this basis, the use of structural equation model to empirical research, that are based on field survey data fitting model, validate theoretical models or further correction. Results of rural women of lower socioeconomic status, the performance of the feminization of agricultural labor rendered, non-farm employment rate of women; women's personal income is generally lower than that of men; 90.3% of women at middle school and below; women's political participation in awareness and action inadequate. Rural household size to stem family-based, 20.3% of the economic situation of families premarital husband better than her parents in the family daily life, family status of women and men equal or slightly higher, but more important in the family affairs, the decision-making power is still mainly rests in the hands of men. Women, gender awareness score of each item is generally not high, especially in the sexual sense of equality as well as the attitude of the male leadership. On the concept of fertility, rural women and men the incidence of gynecological diseases reached a general consensus about the menstrual period health knowledge to grasp the situation better, and for high-risk pregnancy symptoms lack of knowledge. In the women's health behavior, 91% of women had prenatal care; non-hospitalized childbirth women accounted for 29.75%; pregnant women will generally enhance nutrition, reduce labor load. Although breastfeeding rates reached 94.5%, but early opening of milk rate is very low. In child health services utilization, 15% of women do not seek medical treatment when sick children, and medical institutions in order to select the highest frequency of township hospitals, up 46.25 percent. Survey shows that women who did not take contraceptive measures taken measures flow rate is higher than the women. Through structural equation model analysis, access to maternal health, gender affect behavior pattern: women's socio-economic status, family status, and the mother of her husband's care directly affects the behavior and health service utilization, while the women's gender consciousness and self-awareness and knowledge of health indirectly affect their health behavior. Conclusion to improve rural women's socio-economic, family status and gender awareness is a need to strengthen maternal and child health work in an important area, the key is to improve the educational level of rural women, improving women's non-farm employment rate to increase women's personal income through a variety of projects to strengthen women's gender consciousness, thus contributing to maternal and child health care.