Studies on the Models of the Reform of Chinese Marine Management System
|School||Guangdong Ocean University|
|Keywords||Marine Administrative System comprehensive management coordinated mechanism Coast Guard|
The ocean is a cradle for life; a treasure house of resourees; a passageway of the connnection of the world; the second existing space for the humanity.China, as one of the big maritime countrys, own long coastline and the ocean area of 3 million km2. Since the open and reform, the ocean entprise and economy have made a great progress. The marine gross product value of the main industies increased from 6 billion yuan in 1978 to 3196.4 billion yuan in 2009. The marine economy has play a increasingly prominent role in the national economy and has become a new grow point in china. Therefore, At the same time of development and use of the ocean, China are facing a severe situation, outside the islands and reefs have been occupied, marine rights and interests have been violated; inside serious marine pollution, marine ecology destruction and so on. The existing marine management system completely cann’t meet the needs of the development of the times, the refrom of the marine management system becomes more and more necessary.How to safeguard th chinese maritime rights and interests and improve the level of the maritime administration has become a pressing problem for chinese. In view of the difference between ocean an land, the article takes it as a breakthrough point, starts from the attribute of the maritime administration, integrates with the fundamental realities of our country, takes the history of the marine management system as the background, references the reform experience of the overseas Marine Management Systems, elaborates the model of the reform of Chinese Marine Management System. Then raise the goal of the reform of the Chinese Marine Management System. Apply a gradual increment reform theory of YuKePing. Elaborates the way of our country ocean management organizational reform and concrete implementation step. At the combined fuction of the internal and external pressure created separately by serious marine pollution and the ecological damage, by the situation that the marine rights and interests have been violated seriously, Fully demonstrates the necessity and feasibility to set up China Coast Guard, argues that it is the breakthrough point of current reform of the Chinese Marine Management System by intergrating the existing marine law enforcement resources; Aims at the situation of our country uncomprehensive marine management and the uncoordinated area development, Considers that the key is how to speed up the construction process of“the digital ocean”、improve the level of marine science technology and enhance the marine awareness of nationals in the implement of the maritime comprehensive the coordinated management.