Evaluation of Technology Innovation Efficiency and Ability in Dalian
|School||Dalian University of Technology|
|Keywords||technology innovation efficiency evaluation ability evaluation DEA Dalian|
With the coming of knowledge-based economy, high-tech revolution has made a huge change to the human society. The efficiency and ability for technology innovation has taken place of natural resources and become the decisive factors affecting the competitiveness of a nation or a region. Therefore, to realize leap-forward development, the technology innovation mechanism is a brake engine for the increase of economy, and it is a key to the transformation of the economic increase system. Under the limited resources, the efficiency and ability of technology innovation system plays a very important role to promoting regional industrial upgrading and optimizing the allocation of resources within the region.Meanwhile, how to reflect the level of technology innovation depends on a scientific evaluation system. Due to the long-term and high-risk features of technology innovation, a new special evaluation system must be established. How to evaluate Dalian’s technology innovation efficiency and ability scientifically, reflect the inner rules and answer the main questions in technology innovation courses, are very important for Dalian’s innovation strategy and core competitiveness.After the theory of technology innovation, we analysed the efficiency and ability of technology innovation in Dalian. In order to achieve a comprehensive, systematic, scientific evaluation, we constructed evaluation index system from 5 areas: financial input efficiency in science and technology, technology innovation efficiency of enterprises, financial promotion to enterprises input in science and technology, technology innovation ability of enterprises, concentration and participation rate of enterprises technology innovation. In quantitative analysis, we used 4 methods: Data Envelopment Analysis, Principal Components Analysis, Linear Regression Analysis and Statistical Analysis. Based on evaluation results, we discussed the existing problems of Dalian’s technology innovation, and presented the corresponding policy recommendations.