Application Research on Forestry-paper Integration of Raw Material Forest Base of the Posterior Ecological Impact Assessment
|School||Southwest Jiaotong University|
|Keywords||Paper integration Ecological impact assessment Bamboo raw material forest Index|
FPI is China's paper industry and the international paper industry standards inevitable trend, but also solve our paper consumption in a good way, while raw material forest base construction is the fast development of forestry-paper integration of basic security. As the raw material forest base construction with large-scale, take up a lot of land resources, planting a single species characteristics, so in raw material forest have launched after the impact on the ecological environment has gradually manifested as disturbance of biodiversity, important habitats effects, all of which attracted scholars vigilance. Ecological impact assessment is right after the project has been built to analyze the ecological impact assessment and propose practical remedies, so the raw material base construction of ecological impact assessment have begun to enter people's field of study. In this thesis, ecology, sustainable development theory and ecological capacity theory as the theoretical basis to discuss the integration of forest raw material forest base construction of ecological impact assessment. By analyzing the raw material base construction activities in all aspects of the ecological impact of the use of matrix recognition factor, mainly biodiversity, soil quality, soil erosion, non-point source pollution, and special sensitive areas, etc., and the establishment of raw material forest ecological impact evaluation for the indicators and evaluation methods proposed project characteristics or evaluation criteria. Thesis Qianbei 2.0 × 108kg / a bamboo forestry-paper integration project Sichuan Hejiang, Naxi District bamboo raw material forest ecological impact assessment example analysis, the results showed that: bamboo raw material forest base construction of regional Biodiversity less affected; soil quality gradually improved as the Growth of Bamboo; bamboo raw materials bases throughout the native soil erosion amount of 2.398 × 108kg / a, the amount of soil erosion prediction of new 2.035 × 109kg; pulp raw material forest base small contribution to building opposite source pollution; pulp raw material forest base construction and Naxi distance Jiangxian special sensitive conservation targets far not affect them; pulp raw material forest ecological protection measures to effectively prevent the bamboo forest Base on the ecological environment, to a certain extent on the regional ecological environment improvement. Integration of forest raw material forest ecological impact assessment used in China is not much, this thesis on the ecological impact of raw material forest base after the evaluation of ideas and references that forestry-paper integration project, coordinated and sustainable development and ecological environment.