Ecological Anthropology Study of Rural Water Pollution
|Keywords||Ecological Anthropology Rural Water Pollution S Village Ditch dang Culture Local Knowledge|
At present, China's rural ecological environment is deteriorating in many villages sewers, garbage everywhere, the problem of environmental pollution, affecting the the villagers living standards further improve. Previously thought only industrialized city to appear this situation in the countryside, but now more and more common. In addition, with the extensive use of the development of production, fertilizer and pesticides unreasonable, arbitrary emissions from livestock and poultry industry waste water, waste gas and waste residue, so that a variety of pollutants circulating in the rural areas, resulting in a large area of ??rural non-point source pollution, water pollution a very serious problem. Poor sanitary conditions in rural areas and villages scattered layout in production, living arrangements and public facilities are extremely inconvenient, garbage and sewage treatment capacity is weak, garbage and untreated sewage is discharged into the rural water bodies, is exacerbated by the this situation, therefore improving the rural ecological environment, especially water environment is imminent. Academia in rural water pollution issue, mostly from the point of view of natural science study the reasons for the formation of the contamination and propose solutions accordingly, ignoring the farmers in this rural water environment polluters and protectors. From ecological anthropology perspective, concerned about the impact of the change of the mode of production of farmers living on the water environment in rural areas, indicating that the pollution of the water environment in rural areas, more so in the explanatory power. The social causes of water pollution in the case of the author by analyzing the relationship between S Village Social Change and Water Pollution, trying a relatively closed rural community water system in the absence of township enterprises and not foreign industrial pollution from the perspective of ecological anthropology. I believe that this water pollution is the most fundamental reason is that farmers are the contradictions between modern production, lifestyle acceptance and retention of the traditional farmers' awareness. That is, on the one hand, with the economic level, the closure of rural communities to become more open to farmers to accept and adapt to a modern production, lifestyle; On the other hand, farmers who accumulated Millennium conservative, selfish, The shortsighted consciousness can not be eradicated in a short period of time. The conflict between the two has been fully reflected in the process of water pollution in the village in the S. Water system protector villagers from this conflict eventually become polluters of the river system, resulting in water systems function level gradually decreasing, only filth becomes available from the first drink. We should strengthen the attention and study of these rural areas. In order to build a harmonious new countryside, it is necessary to take various measures to strengthen publicity and education of the farmers 'awareness of environmental protection, and at the same time, efforts to improve rural infrastructure construction, so that the majority of farmers' self-consciously protect their environment for survival.