Music Characteristics and Influence of Arnold Schoenberg
|Keywords||Schoenberg stage characteristics influence|
Arnold schoenberg, Austrian composer, theorists, music educator,who is recognized as the world history’s most influential composer,and the pioneers of the modern in the 20th century music. His writing career can be divided into three stages, in its creation began, Schoenberg drain predecessors advantages, and deeply Wagner’s influence, has created a great number of music is classical style of the late works, among them, "GuLei song”is staged a most works ; In the creation practice process, from initial to tonal the weakening, transfer, to finally abandoned tonal, Schoenberg gradually broke traditional harmony and tonal, tonal music rules is set up the new order, Without music, the necessity of the development of is tonal, when Wagner with chromatic scale will traditional tonal to cliff, schoenberg thoroughly completed the subsequent development. This period, his "piano ditty three first" and "piano sketch six first" all is symbolic works; Like without music forward is tonal, the necessity of the development of the same, the twelve pitches system, too, is tonal the necessity of the development. No tonal destroyed music works should have, without the support structure strength, without the tonal works from the limitations, it has constitute a major works requirements. Through concentrated study schoenberg established twelve pitches serial, finally solved the problem of the work force structure, kicking off now music creation of new era. From the initial quadrature, in strict accordance with the twelve pitches serial rules creation, that later will be twelve pitches serial use of freedom, optional, schoenberg experience for more than ten years, in this several years he produced many outstanding works, among them, the orchestra variations "in modern music occupies an important position, while the violin and piano fantasia is twelve pitches creation later with meaningful work. Schoenberg use own practical action to lead the 20 century of forward development, and finally completed by late romanticism in 20th century modern music historic transition.Schoenberg in western modern history has overlooked status, his works features such times and prospect. Schoenberg works effect is very wide, twelve pitches serial composing technique became the same period composer global-positioning try composing technique, some freshmen pie composer is in schoenberg twelve pitches serial develops on the basis of out of the other without the tonal composition techniques. The deepest impact by schoenberg belong to his students al Ben bei belgravia and Anton von WeiBoEn, they both schoenberg creation techniques above developed his own music style, especially WeiBoEn more "radical" creation characteristic, the perfection of music for sequence and lay the foundation. Schoenberg’s music is not simply influenced the development of western modern music, but also for our country’s modern music development has brought new thinking. In China, many excellent composer of outstanding works are the key of creation technique is adopted, such as LuoZhong rong, GuoWenJing, YeXiaoGang, TanDun etc, they absorb schoenberg creation techniques, and with the Chinese national music national culture combined with Chinese characteristics, to create the works without tonal, and obtained the world stage recognition. Music brings us the schoenberg is not only composing technique innovation, but also for our composer emancipates the mind, the renewal idea provides a model, in order to promote the development of modern music world diversity to lay a solid foundation.