The Causes and Countermeasures of Social Vulnerable Group in Urban Area
|School||Central China Normal University|
|Keywords||Social Vulnerable Group layoff unemployment obtain employment|
Restructuring the Economic Systems is a turning point of Chinese economy. Great changes have taken place in Chinese politics, economy and culture area during the process from planned economy to market economy. These changes will motivate Chinese development in the 21st century. Accompanied by reforms and changes in economy, profound transformations have occurred in social relationships. Different social members are under the situation of polarization, orientation and adjustment. As the price paid for the reform and opening to the outside world, Social Vulnerable Group becomes a problem that always troubles us.In view of this situation, the layoffs of Social Vulnerable Group are taken as the object to conduct an investigation. The methods used in this research include: questionnaire, interview, and survey data analysis.The interviews are made with officers from the Statistic Bureau, the Civil Administration Bureau and Labor Bureau in S City. The questionnaire contains the detailed information of the layoffs, such as the quantity, the ages, the positions distributed, and the income before/after layoff. The reemployment difficulties and mental problems have also been taken into consideration. Basing on the data collected, this research mainly explores the causes of the layoffs. As can been seen, the layoffs are resulted in the State’s strategy turning from traditional to modern, the establishment of market economy, social vicissitude as well as the low quality of layoffs themselves. The analysis figure approves the fact that the layoffs implicate the inner contradiction of economic construction. The layoffs are regarded as the deposition of traditional employment policy and so is acceptable phenomenon in the State’s economic changing process. Obviously, it is high time that we took some measures to solve the problem. To begin with, positive macroscopic strategies shall be made by the government to release the social shock due to the layoffs. Moreover, for the sake of S City, other methods should be reinforced to help the layoffs out of their difficulties. The suggested countermeasures are: taking employment-orientation economic strategies, ensuring to steadily develop the economy by continuous innovation in system, improving employment ability by adjusting economic structure, properly controlling the labors into the job market, adopting flexible measures to allow labor floating and completing the social security system.