Legal System Research on Ocean Renewable Resources Development
|School||Ocean University of China|
|Keywords||Marine renewable energy Develop Legal System|
Marine renewable energy in the marine waters of the hidden nature can regenerate energy, including tidal energy, thermal energy, wave energy, tidal energy, salinity gradient energy and so on. With dwindling global fossil energy and environmental issues become increasingly serious, people are more and more attention from the marine renewable energy development and utilization. Our coastline, seas are vast, which is rich in marine energy resources, through the development of these marine renewable energy will not only benefit our build environment-friendly resource-saving society, or directly to China's coastal cities and offshore islands provide electricity. Not only that, through the utilization of marine renewable energy back locals bring good economic benefits. At present, China's development of marine renewable energy focused on tidal energy, wave energy and tidal current energy, the salinity gradient energy and thermal energy development is still in the research and test phase. Small tidal power technology matured, technology and equipment can rely on their own independent, tide and wave energy development have made great progress in recent years. However, compared with other renewable energy, marine renewable energy development is still a bit weak, the main reason is that: marine renewable energy reserves, although large but low energy density, easy to use; early development costs are too high, it is difficult for market operation; course the most important reason is the national pay enough attention, lack of policy support and legal protection. Throughout foreign marine renewable energy development success, the government's strong support and the mandatory provisions of the law is to promote the development of the great ocean energy power. Analyzed and summarized in this article focus on foreign marine renewable energy development of the five major legal systems: Renewable energy quota system, a fixed tariff system, the tax system, renewable energy fund system, system of government subsidies. Through careful study comparing these systems, combined with China's actual situation, put forward the following five benefits of marine renewable energy development in the legal system, namely: marine renewable energy development and integrated management systems, marine renewable energy development market financing system , marine renewable energy development tax system, marine renewable energy development fund for renewable energy development and marine environmental protection system.