Investigation and Strategy on Status of Chemical Experiment Teaching in Grade Two in Senior Schools
|School||Inner Mongolia Normal|
|Course||Curriculum and Pedagogy|
|Keywords||the western region of Inner Mongolia urban senior schools Chemical experiment teaching investigation on status countermeasures|
Chemistry is a natural science based on experiment. Chemical experiment teaching has the special function and effect in the Chemical teaching. Status on Chemical experiment teaching directly affects the quality and purpose of Chemistry teaching.In this thesis, the survey was carried through from two aspects aiming at the status on Chemical experiment teaching in urban senior high schools in the western region of Inner Mongolia. One was teaching resource of Chemistry experiment and accomplishing circs of Chemistry experiment, which involved status on teachers quality, lab assistant deployment, experiment preparation, special lab, equipment apparatus, demonstrating experimental accomplishment, pupil experimental accomplishment and grouping; another was the classroom teaching circs of Chemistry experiment, which involved teaching behavior of Chemistry experiment, exertion of main body’character in experiment teaching and evaluation of Chemical experiment teaching.We used questionnaire as the base and manage statistic on education, an investigating on Chemical experiment teaching was carried out within Huhhot, Baotou, Erdos and Wuhai , four different cities in the western region of Inner Mongolia. 1753 valid surveys of students were taken back and 157 valid surveys of teachers. Based on the investigation results and the interviewee visit, the following conclusion were obtained. (1)It has been improved in the western region of Inner Mongolia that teaching resource of Chemistry experiment and accomplishing circs of Chemistry experiment in city senior high schools. The inquisitional schools also possess the special lab and laboratory assistant, apparatus equipment, which can basically meet need of Chemistry experiment in the teaching material; the experimental teaching means were not only limited to use the simple apparatus, but also use a few the modern teaching means, for example: projection instrument, TV set, multimedia and so on; there are great advance in the demo-experiments and pupil experiments and drawing as well as instructing experiments disappear on blackboard.(2)There were much contradiction between the existing teaching resource and the request of Chemical experiment teaching according to the new course reform, it existed big gap within different types, schools in Chemical experiment teaching resource, therefore, the fund should be increased to experimental teaching resource, especially the common senior high schools to reduce the gap of experimental teaching resource between demonstrating senior high schools and common schools for accelerating the balanced development of education.(3)The results indicated the demo-experiment behavior is generally good in actively inducting students to observe experiments and making demo-phenomena clear. But some experimental teaching behaviors were a little poor, for example in dealing with unclear phenomenon experiments, using modern teaching means and examining Chemistry experiments; it has made progresses in exertion of main body, character. So students have some experimenting opportunities and seriously experiment and independently accomplish experiments. However, poor ability of dealing with the abnormal experiments and experimenting motivation generally dissatisfaction with experimental teaching, especially with the singleness of Chemical experiment type, shortage of student-experiment quantity and illogicality of experiment arrangement are still main problems need to be improved.Furthermore, according to the conclusion based on the above investigation, how to reform Chemical experiment teaching was discussed in detail and come up with the strategy. The methods were emphasized that were teachers fostering, courses arrangement, experiment content, lab reasonable using, divers teaching fashions, ration experiment, experimental miniaturizing and experiment examination.