Study on Intellectual Property Strategies of BRICs
|Keywords||Globalization of intellectual property strategies BRICS Knowledge Economy innovation and survival|
The desperate people shift focus on BRICs when global economy is delayed by traditional system of the USA as the axis. It is not the people in these countries possess the power in global economy but they have the strong desire in innovation and policies as well as government to ensure them realized. We see that the speed of stepping into Knowledge Economy all over the world has not slowed by economic crisis. However, BRICS hope to be beyond more quickly than the developed countries in Knowledge Economy because this is their only opportunity. They have neither powerful and efficient intellectual property barrier nor forceful and eligible economic order. All of them are on the way. They have to depend on natural endowment and original strategies of intellectual property themselves. Therefore they can hold a seat in the field of one dimensional intellectual property. The background of this thesis is severe survival proposition---innovation or death.Theoretical frame in traditional intellectual property is a relatively closed system, which is gradually built in the course of capitalism expansion for hundreds years. During expanding regime, especially in the period of globalization, many scholars including developed countries ones found that the more they implement the system of intellectual property strictly, the more it is hard for them to realize innovation. Path dependence had the independent innovation keep hard. Some people said intellectual property led the developing countries to the slaves. So here the author introduces the concept of globalization of intellectual property. The advantage of this is to put the developed countries and the developing countries which are also the possessor and the user on the relatively fair platform to compare. Actually the present globalization of intellectual property is also the process of diversification and enrichment. So in this sense, intellectual property is not some groups’or as the tools but some kind of universal functions. They should serve for both developed countries and developing countries. What are called strategies is to realize the differences between goals and self abilities. Developed countries have their own intellectual property. Developing countries also should have. The view of intellectual property globalization can help us survey the present global ecology in intellectual property. Thus it is beneficial to get rid of the harmful factors of inner system presupposed by developed countries. It is better for innovation and enrichment of intellectual property. For BRICS, how to face the others’road as the representatives of developing countries and key link of world economy developments and how to fix their owns, how to deal with the relationship between the economic growth and independent innovation, these questions are all involved in this thesis. The whole paper can be divided into three parts. In the first part, the author writes three chapters separately in the view of demonstration, logic and induction to explain system of intellectual property and discuss the strong influence from intellectual property on global economy with the characteristics of BRICS. It gets rid of the old route of talking intellectual property which must be begun with the sponsor nations—Anglo-America and Europe. Then it is more close to the fact of exchanges and operation of global intellectual property. Since the receivers and users take the quite number of world economic aggregate, it is more close to the aim and original idea of intellectual property in the view of BRICS. The politics and economy in BRICS are closely related with each other. At the same time, theories and practices are also closely related. Therefore, the back of intellectual property is the interactional result of political philosophy and economic tradition in these countries such as Chinese Socialism, Gandhiism in India, anarchism in Russia and nationalism in Brazil. All of them have strong directionality and symbol significance. Therefore different countries must have various choices in carrying out the policies, which are strong or weak, true or false. It is definite that the beginning of BRICS in theories is to defend or protect their dependent innovation as much as possible and take their least toll on it to get the highest in innovation. The problem of piracy alone or other problems of intellectual property will be hated by people or even hard understood. However, when we saw the theoretical background and realities in these countries, as well as knew the premise of survive in the difficulties in such developing countries, it is easy for us to accept the strategic choices while violating property and make a objective and solid conclusion.The study on intellectual property of BRICS can be the endoscope for analyzing economic conditions and predict the future developments in these countries. Especially some general reactions and strategies chosen of BRICS are really deserved to research by the economist when they face the pressure coming from outer intellectual property. These choices in strategies are on one hand the result of game between political compromise and economy, on the other hand a series of plain and wits social cognition which contains innovation and succession as well as absorption and perseverance. So the study on intellectual property is not officialism problem but polybasic and realistic problem. It is also a complicated mutualism problem. From common characters in intellectual property, the author finds why BRICS like to unite and able to unite. On it, we should see the inner rationalities and outer necessities.In the second part (chapter5–chapter 9), the author researches the numbers of BRICS respectively based on logic deduction of intellectual property globalization and common induction of intellectual property in BRICS. Firstly, the author figures out the situation of economic developments in BRICS especially the introduction and construction of intellectual property principles. Secondly, the author sums up the strategies characteristics of various countries and their impact on the performance of innovation and economic growth. It is obvious that the work is tough even though the predecessors have made the study on historical structure of economic society in BRICS such as Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa. In case of the present materials, it is rather limited if we intend to analyze and differentiate them in the view of sole intellectual property. What the author does tries to restore the interactive relationship between intellectual property and economic growth among members of BRICS. And the author attempts to hold that BRICS unite but not integrate with developed countries in the field of intellectual property.In the third part (chapter 10), the author presents corresponding strategies on how to manage the relationship between respecting outer intellectual property and intensifying independent innovation. In the first place, the BRICS should have intellectual property localized well so as to press on the speed and quality of economic developments. In the next place, the BRICS should create the new situation of global intellectual property pluralism. The study on the game occurred between developed countries and BRICS and strategic practice will explain the relationship between technology and policies among fast developing of economic entities.During research, the author presents his own understanding and new theoretical viewpoints. They are embodied in the following aspects. Firstly, the author tries to define some basic concepts related with globalization of intellectual property properly, which is the important base to establish some kind of theory. Secondly, the author researches the basic disciplines and important relationship in the system of BRICS and reveals the dialectical unity in them. Thirdly, the author revises and completes the defects and shortcomings of original theories.The thesis for the first time presents the systematic theories of intellectual property in BRICS. It provides the experiences for them to learn each other and press on the intellectual property together including China. The templates of this thesis are the developing countries in the economic rising stage. They are also the countries which firstly undergo economic transition. Their strategies and practice in intellectual property trying to adapt to the present system of developed countries, at the same time sublate it, lead quite important role in researches on institution of developing countries afterwards. In the case of intellectual property regime, it is also changes in certain scope and degree. For example, the regime is the extension of protecting traditional knowledge, which benefits the realistic results from the game of patent and copyright between developing countries and developed countries. The theoretical achievements in this thesis are: firstly, it expands the scope of BRICS studies. Secondly, it deepens the connotation of globalization of intellectual property. That is to say, it is not enough only depending on the route of law to deal with and resolve the new problems in the course of globalization of intellectual property. It is unavoidable to involve in the heart proposition in philosophy, economics and other sciences. Therefore, this thesis attempts to conclude more practical, overall and objective cognition in globalization of intellectual property based on the interdisciplinary and comprehensive analysis. In addition to that, the BRICS are the representatives of developing countries. Study on up and downs in developing intellectual property system of BRICS is superior to apparent meanings. The thesis also tries the studies at the level of world economy across sections. The BRICS lie in Asia, Africa, Latin America and the east of Europe. So the thesis is a bold trying in the studies at the level of world economy across sections. Even though many experts have classic works for EU, ASEAN and their cooperation each other, the thesis is the first studies in the field of intellectual property.