Study on Influence and Countermeasure about China’s Industralization to Food Safety
|School||Huazhong Agricultural University|
|Course||Agricultural Economics and Management|
|Keywords||Industrialization FoodSecurity Industry Support Agriculture Agricultures’ Production Initiative Policy Recommendations|
The practice of economic and social development of mankind proves that the economic development of any country is bound to take the road of industrialization. So far, developed countries all have finished the industrialization and have come into the post-industrial period. However, most countries do not complete the industrialization, and even some countries do not begin the process of industrialization. Therefore, for a long period, a majority of developing countries still must go through the stage of industrialization, China is also the case.Since the founding of New China, in order to rapidly develop the economy, China has established a relatively complete industrial system and national economic system by means of depending on the agriculture accumulation provided from food industry. China, as a whole, has entered the middle stage of industrialization, for which farmers has made a significant contribution. Meanwhile, industrialization also contributes to agricultural modernization. From the provision such as fertilizers, pesticides, agricultural machinery and other modern factor inputs and the "industry nurturing agriculture", industrialization enhances the capacity of agriculture and food production. To some extent, industrialization plays an important role in promoting grain production and ensuring food security. However, industrialization affects farmers’positivity to grow grain and affects food production & food security. Because industrialization occupies water and soil resources (in particular, the use of farmland resources), increases food production materials prices and food production costs, relatively decreases agriculture income, expands the income gap between urban and rural residents. And judging from the forecast, the industrialization of our country still remains both positive and negative effects on food security in the coming period. This situation prompts us to have to seriously consider the food security issues in the development process of China’s industrialization.In the international and domestic context, the basic aim of this paper is to deeply analyze on food security’s positive and negative effects from China’s industrialization in history and present situation, summarize our own experiences, and drew lessons from international experience. According to the objective needs of the coming period, this paper is to propose how to effectively avoid industrialization’s negative impact on food security and how to give full play to the role of its positive impact in the rapid development of China’s new industrialization process, so that both will be integrated and will develop in harmony. Ultimately it’ll carry out the aim of promoting the rapid development of China’s new industrialization and ensuring our food security. The full text will always focus on the main root to study.According to the study objective, this paper is divided into three parts, the first part includes chapterⅠand chapterⅡ. On the basis of describing the background, the first chapter proposes the core issue that this paper is to solve. It’s about how to ensure food security in the process of the rapid industry development, and how to achieve the common development between industry and food security. Then, this paper discusses the purpose, meaning, ideas, methods, domestic & international research trends and possible innovations in order to take the basis for the full study. The second chapter mainly describes the theoretical basis of this study and its application, and analyze China’s food security situation in industrialization process from an economic point of view. Obtained from the theoretical analysis, it gets the following revelation:food security is the issue within the food industry, is the problem in the agricultural sector, and is the balanced development of the national economy. Food security is the basis for national economic development. Industrial development is the "booster" of economic development. The research of industrialization’s effect on food consumption, food supply capacity and regional food security, will promote the coordinated development between industry and agriculture, between industrialization and food security, and among the whole national economy. It’s important to grasp the right direction of our national economy.The second part of the paper is composed from charter III to charter VI, such four chapters constitute the main content of the paper. It mainly takes the in-depth analysis and research about the impact of industrialization on food security from four aspects such as the whole, food consumption, food supply, and regional food security. If such three issues are sorted out, the relationship between industrialization and food security can be handled from the main aspect and even from a fundamental grasp.Chapter III mainly analyzes the overall impact of China’s industrialization on food security in the following three aspects:past, present, future. The results show that there are both positive and negative effects on food security from industrialization during the process of industrialization. Therefore, measures must be taken to eliminate the negative impact and to take positive impact with the purpose of ensuring food security in the process of industrialization. Chapter IV is to analyze the impact of China’s industrialization on food consumption from the macro & micro, from the comprehensive & individual point of view, and so on. A substantial increase in food consumption during the process of industrialization will arouse a relatively large pressure and threat for the food supply and demand balance and for the food security. This paper points out that effective measures must be taken to weaken and eliminate the pressure and threats in the following days.Chapter V makes a comprehensive and in-depth analysis of industrialization’s impact on food production and food supply in various aspects. It considers that industrialization in general promotes the agricultural modernization and food production modernization. It creates the condition to improve the level of food supply. However, the food security will be affected if the saddle-shaped development state named "high, low, high" during the food production can not synchronize with the industrialization. It points out that the industrialization will both promote and limit the food production and supply. That dealing with the relationship between the two is a problem need to pay close attention in the future.Chapter VI is a study of the impact of industrialization on food security from a regional point of view. First, it divides major grain producing area, food sales area, food balance area, the surplus grain area and the deficit grain area according to different standards. And then it specific analyzes the regional grain production and the consumption evolution situation under the influence of the industrialization. Accordingly it proposes the point that the regional food security is the basis of national food security, and the national food security is composed of the regional food security. Therefore, handling the relationship between regional industrialization and food security is an important way to ensure the overall food security in the process of industrialization.The third part is the Chapter VII, it mainly takes policy recommendations for issues such as new industrial development will be a substantial increase in food consumption needs, will cause inadequate food supply, and will constitute a threat to regional food security.Possible innovation is as follows:(1) The design of the study objectives and contents has certain features. The research goal is to pursue the general rule of promoting the rapid development of industrialization as well as ensuring national food security, on the basis of summarizing and drawing on lessons learned from past and present. Therefore, this article takes a comprehensive, systematic and in-depth analysis on China’s industrialization impact on such three major areas as food consumption, food supply, and the regional food security. It gives targeted countermeasures and suggestions to solve problems. It reflects certain characteristics.(2) In the application of theory, this paper takes the theory that food is the basic foundation, and takes the theory of grain supply and demand balance through the entire process. It has its own unique.(3) In the method, it highlights the use of the combination between macro analysis and micro analysis, and the use of the combination between comprehensive analysis and multi-angle analysis, in order to drill in-depth analysis of the industrialization impact on food security. It shows detailed sexual characteristics. Meanwhile, this paper takes the typical of Guangdong Province to test this proposition.