Analysis and Studies on Manufacturing Energy Consumption of Panel-Furniture Manufacturer in Sichuan
|School||Nanjing Forestry University|
|Course||Furniture Design and Engineering|
|Keywords||Panel Furniture in Sichuan Energy Consumption per Unit Panel Area of Comparable Products Energy Consumption per Unit Output Value Energy-saving manufacturing technology|
It was answered the Chinese economy strategy which called“the sustainable development”to study the manufacturing energy consumption of panel-furniture when the low-carbon economy was fashionable. The clearly data of manufacturing energy consumption for furniture and the theory of low-carbon manufacture technique of furniture were required. There was the basic of industrialization to the clusters of Sichuan panel-furniture industry. The manufacturing status of Sichuan panel-furniture industry would be clear when the manufacturing energy consumptions of panel-furniture manufacturers in Sichuan were studied and analyzed. In this paper survey, induction and comparative methods were applied to build the theory of studying energy consumption in Sichuan panel-furniture manufacturing. The key content of this paper was composed of three parts. The 1st was theory of studying energy consumption of panel furniture manufacturing; the 2nd was the analysis and research of manufacturing energy consumption of the panel-furniture manufacturer in Sichuan; the 3rd studied the energy-saving technique of panel furniture manufacturing.The content and conclusions of this paper was as follows.(1) The paper studied energy consumption in panel furniture manufacture, carried out theoretical research of panel-furniture manufacturing energy consumption.It studied the content & method of energy audit in panel-furniture manufacture. Audited enterprise output and electricity fee was the main work of the manufacture energy consumption study in panel furniture enterprise. The manufacture energy audit in panel furniture manufacturer included the content such as the overview of energy using, efficiency of equipment, and the useful calculation of comprehensive energy consumption. The study about comprehensive energy consumption in panel furniture manufacturer focused on the calculating of energy consumption. Energy consumption, comprehensive energy consumption per unit output value and the comprehensive energy consumption per unit panel area in panel furniture manufacture were the useful types of comprehensive energy consumption. The calculation of the comprehensive energy consumption was indicated in this paper.It studied comprehensive energy consumption per unit panel area of comparable products in panel furniture manufacturer. The determination of comparable products was the key step of the calculating of comprehensive energy consumption per unit panel area of comparable products in panel furniture manufacturer. Comparable panel furniture is the furniture unit which could reflect the situation of panel material & energy consumption, manufacturing device applications in panel furniture manufacture. Elements which influenced the comprehensive energy consumption unit panel area of comparable products include the typical product shape, process analysis, process and capacity bottlenecks in panel furniture manufacturer. The calculation of the comprehensive energy consumption per unit panel area of comparable products in panel furniture manufacturer was indicated in this paper.Industry engineering & energy audit were different methods to promoting the industrialization level of Chinese furniture manufacturing. When industry engineering was applied to furniture industry, enterprise faced three questions, such as low level of manufactures industrialization, low universal of application, and low quality of employees. The study of furniture manufacturer energy audit was lack of study area, with unclear research position and no energy scale. Industry engineering could be used in energy audit of furniture manufacturing. Industry engineering offered energy audit techniques, base data and knowledge system. Energy audit displayed a fresh field to promote the industrialization level of Chinese furniture manufacturing.(2) The study of Sichuan panel furniture manufacturing energy consumption is the main content of the researchThe type and characteristics of Sichuan panel-furniture were summarized and analyzed. It summarized the typical manufacturing process of Sichuan panel furniture manufacturer. The study provided series definite methods to study the energy consumption in Sichuan panel furniture manufacturer. The study should investigate the enterprise which used the MDF covered melamine-impregnated-paper as basic material to manufacture panel-furniture.It investigated and analyzed the energy consumption in Sichuan panel furniture manufacturer. Seven panel furniture manufacturers in Sichuan accepted this investigation. The research indicated that the manufacturing energy consumptions per unit value of large and the small scale panel furniture manufacturers were higher than those middle scales. The study also displayed that good furniture designs brought enterprises low comprehensive energy consumption per unit output value, good furniture manufacturing process & structure design did that so. The study showed that the comprehensive energy consumption per unit output in the investigated panel furniture manufacturer which manufacturing environments were good was lower than those which manufacturing environments were bad.The comprehensive energy consumption per unit output value of the investigated panel-furniture manufacturer was within the limit of 0.0226~0.0538(T) (SCE) / million RMB. The average of the comprehensive energy consumption per unit output value of the investigated panel-furniture manufacturer was 0.0465(T) (SCE) / million RMB.The study showed that the comprehensive energy consumption per unit output value of the investigated panel-furniture manufacturer was much less than the value of those tradition high energy consumption industries, such as textile industry, aluminum industry, and paper-making industry. It was shown that the panel-furniture manufacturing industry was not belonging to the high energy consumption industries.It investigated the comprehensive energy consumption of a teenager-use panel furniture manufacture in Sichuan. It described the overview & the manufacturing status of this enterprise. Analyzed the manufacturing status and materials using of all production, counted the main manufacturing process of this company, 801 & 803 series products were identified as typical products. The comprehensive energy consumption per unit output value of this enterprise in 2008 was within the limit of 0.0516~0.0558 (T) (SCE) / million RMB. The comprehensive energy consumption per unit panel area of panel furniture comparable products in this enterprises was within the limit of 0.514~0.560 (Kg) (SCE) / m2. The result of research was consistent with the present manufacturing situation of this enterprise. The study verified that the count method and formula of the comprehensive energy consumption unit panel area of panel furniture comparable products was right and useful. The research provided some useful energy-saving technologies for this enterprise, such as children furniture color design technique, furniture standardized design technique, general use parts design, product structure optimization technique & enterprise energy-saving policy system building.(3) It proposed series of energy-saving technologies for panel furniture manufacture. There were four main aims of using the energy-saving technologies in panel furniture manufacturing industry, such as promoting enterprise industrialization, raising the level of enterprise standardization, promoting advanced manufacturing technology and manufacturing use in panel-furniture industry. There are four key factors which effected the comprehensive energy consumption per unit output in panel furniture manufacturers, such as worker, production, manufacturing process system, and manufacturing environment. The energy-saving technology in panel furniture industry was composed by three parts, such as furniture design and manufacturing process, working management, and management and administration of panel-furniture enterprise.