Agricultural Regional Specialization in Western China: An Industrial Organization Perspective
|Keywords||West Region Agricultural Regional Specialization Industrial Organization|
With development of agricultural productivity and the evolution from agriculture civilization to modern industrial civilization, worldwide organization way of agricultural production is that agricultural producers were from scattered to joint in horizontal, and segment such as production, process, sales and etc. were from independence to integration in vertically. Based on natural location layout, the change of organization way of agricultural production put forward new requests:combined distribution regionalization and production management specialization, namely agricultural regional specialization.At a theoretical level, based on regional distribution, scale economy, industrial organization and agricultural industrialization theories, this paper separately analyses the connotation and evolution mechanism of agricultural regional specialization, which is regarded as a dynamic changed progress of scalization and specialization interlacement, and the role industrial organization plays in evolution mechanism is also reserched. Based on agricultural regional specialization namely natural location layout, agricultural production department and management department linked agricultural enterprises through cooperation economic organization, and agricultural distribution deepen from diversification to specialization, production management joint from decentralization and scalization, with which high stage agricultural regional specialization represented development of agricultural production finally.At a practice level, firstly, this paper concluded current situation and problems of west agricultural regional specialization, analyses the causes of the problem from nature, economy and system. Through reviewing the history of west region agricultural industrial organization, this paper researches dynamical mechanism of its evolution from economy, society, policy and system. Based on this, this paper analyses main body structure and internal framework harmonize of west area agricultural regional specialization.Through the analysis of above two, this paper made positive research on the problems of west area agricultural regional specialization. Through measuring and calculating west area main crops productive efficiency and scale comparative advantages, we choose rapeseed as study object, build aggregative indicator system which is including specialization, scalization and industrialization, and study west area agricultural regional industrial specialization level with Factor analysis. Compared with different areas, we find that doing agricultural regional specialization, we have to strengthen development of comparative advantages, stress joining between farm produce production and circulation and take land moderately scale management seriously.In final, based on analysis and conclusion of the goal, principle and thinking of agricultural industrial organization innovation, this paper studies implement method of development of west areas agricultural regional specialization level, which consider that in order to deepen development of west area agricultural regional specialization, from the point of agricultural production view, agricultural production factors combined should be strengthened, new agricultural technology should be popularized, and from the point of agricultural management view, agricultural market economic system should be developed. Meanwhile, as a public service department in agricultural regional specialization system, government should increase the strength of agricultural macro-control.