Research on Fiscal Expenditure on Social Security in China
|School||Zhejiang University of Finance|
|Keywords||Government Responsibility Fiscal Expenditure On Social Security Effort of Finance Social Dividend|
At present,various social security problems in our China can reflect the irrationality of the scale and structure of fiscal expenditure on social security,which in essence are caused by the imbalance of government’s social responsibility. Therefore,research on the financial problems of social security actually relates to the government responsibility and social security.If the government responsibility for social security is considered, the social security will be the final implementation of the government responsibility and social security of finance can be a means. If think of the social security as people’s aspirations,social security will be the negative reaction of government responsibility.But no matter what kind of logical thinking, fiscal expenditure on social security is the links.Firstly,This paper research from the necessity of expenditure on social security and then analyse the problems behind the government responsibility,identify social security is the premise of government responsibility, focuse on the analysis of the comprehensive effect of fiscal expenditure on social security ,explain why the finance social security can be changed from the wealth of nation to the wealth of civilian. As a result ,clarify the a core problem that social security expenditure has its inevitability of generation.To clarify the relations of government responsibility,public finance and social security ,to clarify the reason of public finance involve in social security, to analyse comprehensive effects of fiscal expenditure on social security all concentrate around this core problem, and it also become the logical starting point.Secondly, through the comparison of relevant questions in different periods is valuable to analyse the series of problems of the level and structure of fiscal expenditure on social security in China’s present stage.To find out the gap between home and abroad, combing the different points between areas , and sum up the characteristics of China’s social security, fiscal expenditure,government responsibility and the problems of China’s fiscal expenditure on social security will be important for the next policy recommendations.Thirdly, this paper emphasize the inevitable movements of fiscal expenditure on social security.it point that various problems of the fiscal expenditure on social security is the internal causes of the changing trend .External cause analysis involve many aspects.in addition it also analyse reasons of the macro environment and also concluded the social security system itself . In the end ,it make clear the problems of fiscal expenditure on social security in our country is not a short duration of time, it is also not a simple causal necessity but perplexed by various elements.To understand these factors and make the a distinction will be easy to understand what factors is ingrained, and as a result ,to learn what factors is facilitate to solute is the basis of the policy analysis.fourthly, it is necessary to forecast the changing trend of the level and structure of fiscal expenditure on social security before the policy suggestions.This paper emphasizes the initiative of the public finance and concluded the effort through the data that public finance have to make in the next several years .in fact it advocate that we should rationalize social security through gradual financial effort .At last ,this paper put forward relevant proposals for reforms on the basis of above research.