Identity and Writing: German-Jewish Narrative Literature of Second-Generation in Germany and Austria
|Course||German Language and Literature|
|Keywords||Jewish identity Massacre Cultural conflict Dilemma Attribution|
After the 1980s, the field of German literature, the emergence of a group of young Jewish writers, because it is the descendants of Holocaust survivors, generally referred to as the second or third generation German / Austrian Jewish writer. The younger generation of writers to the status quo of contemporary Jewish life as its subject matter, explore the Jews as a special social groups in post-war Germany and Austria, the living conditions in the works. Because of the unique social and historical background of the German-speaking countries, the younger generation of German Jewish literature by the German national critics and publishing industry was in the early stages of development the cold shoulder. In the former Nazi countries, the word \This situation has shifted in the 1990s. Forthrightly Jewish writer of Jewish origin, and in the works to expand the description of Jews and Jewish culture and other related topics, showed a strong desire to talk. Ongoing as part of the creative writers and their work in writing on the quantity and quality have reached a certain level in Germany attracted more and more attention from researchers. Identity problem described as a prominent feature of his works, this is what this article focuses on research in the writing of the younger generation of Jewish writers. In recent years, China's there have been a lot of discussion on Jewish literature in identity, but this is largely confined to the field of American Jewish literature, Jewish literature in Germany / Austria is still in the blank in this regard subject of domestic German Literature and the whole Jewish literature and cultural studies are of great significance. The younger generation of the large number of Jewish writers, have different growth and life background, description of the identity theme, in addition to the use of different literary genres, select a different writing angle and focus. In order to better illustrate the young generation of Jewish Writers identity of this topic, read many writers narrative text, I chose three important writers of the more representative a few narratives as a prime example discusses. Of three chapters of the text section of this article. The first chapter, for example, the Austrian writer Robert Snyder's novel \Writer pen depicted not only a Jew: the first generation of Jewish influence by the memory of the Holocaust survivors, suffering Holocaust residual effect of the second generation, Jewish identity expressed indifference or anxious young Jews. Faced with the decision of the Holocaust, the Jewish identity of the victims, the younger generation of Jewish material is often manifested in a decidedly negative attitude, or this capacity, cool and objective thinking, but in life always have to bear the Holocaust the negative impact of this effect is further extended to the relationship between Jews and non-Jews, the formation of the two sides in the post-war \In post-war Germany / Austria, was just determined by blood and descent Jewish identity was given another layer of meaning, that the post-war Jewish identity has been deeply branded on this collective memory of the Holocaust. The second chapter the novel German Jewish writer Lafayier Seliximan, \As Jews living in Germany's social environment, the lack of Jewish identity Jewish cultural soil, the younger generation in life contact with German culture rather than Jewish tradition, on the one hand, due to the special nature of the Jews is difficult to integrate into German population the other hand, can not be achieved with traditional Jewish standards. The face of the break between this origin and identity of the Jewish culture that sustains the Writers of the young generation looking for vesting in the German culture, but acknowledged that the identity of the \in the contradictions and conflicts between the two cultures. Chapter focus on born in the former East Germany, now living in the French Jewish writer Barbara Honeywell Seaman their narratives to analyze. Writers with a strong autobiographical, this distinctive is reflected in her writing. As a Jew born in East Germany, to get rid of the identity of contradiction as the German Jews, women writers choose to relocate European Jews settlements in Strasbourg, France, fit between Jewish origin and Jewish culture. But the traditional culture of the Jewish writers grew up in the German cultural environment full of strangeness, so this leave Germany into a Jewish group and cultural behavior means \ownership of the identity of the German writing and life in exile.