The Study on Political Transformation of Kirgyzstan
|School||East China Normal University|
|Course||Scientific socialism and international communist movement|
|Keywords||Kyrgyzstan political transformation Tulip revolution|
Since the middle-1970s from South Europe to latin-America,then in East-Asia,finally in Soviet Union and Eastern region,where begin a global tide of democraticrevolution one after another,which was called“the third wave”by Huntington.it turnson a comprehensive social transformation in those countries,the core of which isinstitutional transforming.by all appearances,as for the social transformation in theseareas,the east-Europe areas in pre-Soviet are remarkable.Because the east-Sovietcountries are different from another three areas.Their transformations are of mostimportance.They are not only the transforming of basical political system andpolitical circumstance of the country,but also the core of which has changed,thecharacter of whose social system has changed thoroughly,from socialism tocapitalism.the political transformation of the new dependent country-Kyrgyzstan inmiddle Asian areas of pre-Soviet is an important part of the whole tansformingprocesses.For a long time,most specialists at home and abroad take regions as objects toresearch the whole middle-Asia areas,not taking a country to research thoroughly.Take the political transformation for example,even though there are some relatedresearch,which is limited,the understanding of some important questions aresweeping.when descriping the way of political system transformation in middle-Asiacountries,the conclusions are broad,presidential Unitarianism or authoritism.In fact,Kyrgyzstan is far away from its neighbour countries(Uzbekistan and Turkmenistan)inthe domination of authoritism.As a special case,the political transformation of Kyrgyzstan was full ofdramatic during the post-Soviet period.From the pursuing of the“democratic island”in central Asian to the occuring of“Tulip Revolution”,and from the believing inwestern democracy to centralized regime.from the blindfold imitation of exoticcivilization to relapsation into the circle of“democratic-authoritical”as the useless ofmany kinds of systems,and from too much modification in law to the uncertainingabout“presidentialism”and“parliamentarism”to cause a weak regime and so on.Thephenomenon of turbulent political transformation in Kyrgyzstan is peculiar inpost-soviet transforming countries.even though in those countries likeRussia,Georgia and Ukraine,they appear some traits in a way,but Kyrgyzstan has itsown character.Above all,in order to understand the whole process of political transformationof Kyrgyzstan.the main purpose of this passage are:what is the reason of its politicaltransformation;what are the main problems of it;why the democratic transformationturns into authoritism;whether the“color revolution”means the success of“thesecond transformation”;what is the character of Kyrgyzstan’s political transformation;which factors affect it;what is the result of its democratic transformation;whatconclusions can be learned from the theoretical development of western politics andthe experiences of Kyrgyzstan’s transformation.The passage will take the dialecticalmaterialism and the historical materialism as the main direction,and using the western political transforming theories for reference.at the same time,usingcomparativeanalysis,systematic synthesized analysis and so on to discuss these problems.The chpter is consist of eight parts,including preface,chapter one to six and theconclusion.In the preface,it is mainly elaborating practical and theoretical significance ofthe present research situation at home and abroad,the literature reference,the researchapproach,analysed tools,and the innovation of this passage.Chapter one mainly analyses the beginning of Kyrgyzstan’s politicaltransformation.the analysis about the disintegration of the Soviet Union is thebackground knowledge.During the Gorbachev’s period,it’s political transformationas the allied republics indicates the beginning of the political transformation ofKyrgyzstan,and the establishment of the independent contry is one premise ofKyrgyzstan’s political transformation.By descriping the whole process of Kyrgyzstan’s political transformation,chapter two mainly discusses its basic establishment of political system.First,we doresearch about national institution and the way of development,which indicates thedirection of the new country,Moreover,the first constitution came out;second,itanalyzes the first constitution in the view of constitutional system.finally,itparticularly analyzes the reformation and development of thelegislation,judicature,partical system and the emerging problems,All these researchslay a foundation to generalize the characters of political transformation.Chapter three mainly discusses the establishment of presidential Unitarianismof Kyrgyzstan,and estimates the efforts of it.We can say that presidentialUnitarianism is the result of Kyrgyzstan’s political transformation,which matches upthe political enviorement of Kyrgyzstan.During the transforming period,though thepresidential authority can keep social order,it can not be the everlasting validity.Chapter four analyses the“Tulip revolution”,which not only exploring thecharacter and reason of“color revolution”,but also evaluating the status of thecountry’s political development by analying“the second transformation”.Chapter five evaluates the character of Kyrgyzstan’s political transformation.On the basis of macro-description and analysis towards the political transformingprocess of Kyrgyzstan about ten years.This chapter abstracts the features and regularsof its transformation.So it summarizes the characters from five aspects:the powerpattern of“strong president,weak congress,small government”;politicaltransformation along with the establishment of national country,non-institutionalismof political transforming;the factor affecting its political transformation;thecontinuous systematical crisis;an unique political scene.Chapter six is in the view of social economic,traditional political culture,national religion,and the outside environment,which analyses the influential factorsof Kyrgyzstan’s political transformation.Kyrgyzstan’s political transformation is theresult of series complex factors,As the interactional relationship of politics andecnomics,economical factors is the basic factors,traditional political cultural,whichresults in the negative factors of the countury’s democratical politicaltransformation,is the main factor of non-institutionalism of political transforming.national relationship and religional extremelist are another importantfactors,which have an impact on steady environment and building of nationalcountries;Kyrgyzstan’s political transformation,which drops into the dilemma ofblind imitation,is influenced by external powersIt’s concluded six points by summarizing the efforts of Kyrgyzstan’sdemocratical political transformation.at the same time,bringing forward my ownopinions about our country towards the academic development of western politics andthe experience of Kyrgyzstan’s political transformation.