Research on the Culture of Mongolian Folk Handicraft in Qing Dynasty
|Course||Art of Design|
|Keywords||Mongolian Folk Handicraft|
The Mongolian folk handicraft is one of important non- material cultural heritages. Paris conducts in October, 2003 in the 32nd session of conference passed "Has protected Non- Matter Cultural heritage Joint pledge". Mongolian folk literature: Gesaer; Mongolian folk music: The Mongolian head of the clan move, The Mongolian Humai, Mongolian stringed instrument music,Mongolian two-string bowed instrumengts music; Mongolian folk dance: Andai dance; Mongolian acrobatics and athletics: The Mongolian Wrestles the gram; Mongolian traditionally manual technique: Mongolian light wooden cart manufacture technique; Mongolian folk custom: Memorial services for Genghis Khan, Offer sacrifices to the Mongolian cairn, the Nadam, the Erduosi wedding ceremony, are successively listed as in the non- matter cultural heritage name lists. In these name lists, Some belong to the Mongolian folk handicraft, like traditional manual technique, the Mongolian light wooden cart manufacture technique; Some are relevant with the Mongolian folk handicraft, like the Mongolian stringed instrument music,Mongolian two-string bowed instrumengts, Mongolian An Dai dance, the Mongolian wrestle gram, Memorial services for Genghis Khan, Offer sacrifices to the Mongolian cairn, the Nadam, the Erduosi wedding ceremony. Many projects are listed as the protected projects, while joyful, it is also meant there are much crisis. Now already the very few people focused the attention in these cultural heritages. Under such stern situation, it is very important to make changes for the Mongolian folk handicraft protection especially .As a student specialized in history of design historical, combining with own specialty, if conducting the system thorough research to the Mongolian folk handicraft culture, perhaps I can do some foundational crabbings for rescuing and protecting these inheritancesThe Mongolian folk handicraft is one of the important constituents of Mongolian folk culture art, involving with the Mongolian costume, ornaments, appliance, residence, vehicles. Conducts the research from the design history and the cultural angle, has the vital significance in the study of each class of the Mongolian nationality design. Simultaneously cannot avoided, at present in the domestic sphere of reseach, there really are a few of researchers devote themselves to Mongolian folk handicraft, also only a few of achievements were been publicated, without doubt, which has brought many difficulties for the thorough research. This article has carried on the special discussion on the aspects of Mongolian folk handicraft production, the sale, the thought idea, the characteristics, the material and the technology, esthetic and so on in the Qing Dynasty, referring to document,the archaeology material, the field investigation, areas of local chronicle of Inner Mongolia nationality literature, sociology, history, archaeology research results and so on.In the end, the author summarized the historical status of Mongolian folk handicraft in Qing Dynasty, and proposed its possibly effective development paths. In the 21st century today, The development of Mongolian folk handicraft could not completely only defer to the old tradition, but was must always seek the desired development path, which was Mr Zhugekai referred to the Chinese traditional handicraft development path, "the survival of the fittest regeneration path".The Mongolian folk handicraft may have three survivals ways: the one is the overall inheritance, and highly artificially protects these outstanding varieties and the masters from angle of the cultural ecology, ensuring not to be lost. In the process of advocated inherits ,we may meet layer on layer contradictory, like the contradiction between Mongolian traditional culture and the Mongolian modern culture, the contradiction between Mongolian tradition manual technique and the modern production technology, the contradiction between a few of manufactures and the mass production, as well as faces aspect of industry, market, employment pressure and so on. Regarding this, the organization development and Mongolian folk handicrafts production might be promoted through the folk mass organization, by expanding its industry, the market share, the employment position. Which may push spreads out other two development paths: One is the development path which unifies Mongolian nationality’s traditional manual technique and the modernistic; the other is separation between the style and the manual technique of Mongolian folk handicrafts, displaying its traditional style with the modern material and the technique.