The Research on Gongbu Shangshu in the Tang Dynasty
|Course||History of Ancient China|
|Keywords||Tang Dynasty Minister of works Industry four Division Organizational structure Administrative functions Personnel system|
Industry Shangshusheng in the Tang Dynasty six one national central government decrees department responsible for civil engineering construction. Minister of works and assistant minister is the Industry's deputy Executive, under the jurisdiction of Industry, Mita, Yu and Mizube Division. Industry regime established in the Sui Dynasty, an important historical significance, not only complete system has been six provinces, and the country's social functions to be highlighted, this after the feudal dynasties inherited. Tang Dynasty inherited the Sui Dynasty, the Industry system in the Tang Dynasty, has been further development and evolution. Very limited academic attention for Industry, the minister of works as the research object, based literature, historical, statistical, administrative, political science and other disciplines administrative and personnel system of the Tang Dynasty minister of works systematically investigated. The text is divided into upper and lower two, on the administrative system of the minister of works, including the organizational structure of the minister of works in the Tang Dynasty and Industry functions works, Industry functions of the origins and formation process of the system, the minister of works system in Sui towards reason has been established, the minister of works, Duties and Industry Secretary functions; next to Don one hundred fifteen any minister of works for the Center, its origin and descent, Society and Shi Lu duties the individual Qianzhuan, Chinese and Industry officials evaluation visits, and analyzed on the basis of the status of minister of works of the Tang Dynasty, the Tang Dynasty Officials system. The organizational structure of the first chapter examines the Tang Dynasty minister of works and administrative works. Minister of works and assistant minister of Industry and Deputy Executive the command and Industry, Mita, Yu Ministry and Mizube of four Division, but have the doctor, YuanWaiLang and principal officials of the divisions within the stream official, which the doctor, YuanWaiLang and oriented Secretary and Deputy Executive, carry out their duties. In addition, the Division is divided into a number of levels ranging from the staff that Outpost, Lingshi book Lingshi, palm solid. And the effects of the exercise of the functions of the minister of works, mainly from the relationship between the Industry Division chancery are saved to the minister of works, assistant minister and four Division and four Division four Division and various monitoring relations perspective inspection. The second chapter test Chatang previous chancery Industry system origin and formation process. Evolution in the development of Tang Industry system is divided into three phases, namely, the Qin Dynasty to the Western Han Dynasty, Eastern Han to the Wei, Jin and Southern and Northern Dynasties and the Sui and Tang dynasties. Qin Dynasty to the Western Han Dynasty, the functions of the Tang Dynasty and Industry Secretary sources; Eastern Han Dynasty to the infancy of the system of the Book of History and Industry; the Wei, Jin and Southern and Northern Dynasties the chancery and Industry prototype system and the formation of the period; Sui and Tang dynasties for the establishment of the system of the minister of works and development period. On this basis, the minister of works system has been established in the Sui Dynasty, is that of national unity, economic development, strengthening of centralized, system adjustment and Sui civil construction activities flourished. Chapter 3 examines the Tang Dynasty, the minister of works and Industry four Division functions. All duties related to the minister of works the total palm and Industry Division, including the Basic Responsibilities of Civil Engineering, Construction and auxiliary Responsibilities two aspects of the financial affairs and Senate affairs of state, pursue and Industry made life on the next Four commanding and Industry Secretary, quality related matters in the implementation of the department of the central and local lawsuit being. In addition, the minister of works but also according to the individual to assume other duties, such as Imperial Academy to participate in the examination of Officer Selection, essays the Writer, to participate in military operations as well as serve as envoys or other temporary dispatch tasks. And Industry the four Division's Responsibilities, respectively in charge of construction affairs, national public Tian, ??Yu the Hengshan Ze and water canal. The fourth chapter examine class origin and descent of the incumbent minister of works. This chapter provides the use of a large number of epitaphs unearthed literature study of Tang Dynasty, one hundred thirteen of the place of origin of the minister of works, especially his family since the origin since the Northern and Southern migration. Found by examining the minister of works of the Tang Dynasty more than out Kannai Henan, Hedong and Hebei four. A total of 79 people born in the 40 counties surname origin class can test the proportion of the total number of the minister of works accounted for eighty percent of class from the origin point of view, and, thus, the Tang Dynasty minister of works mainly came from the gentry class. The fifth chapter examines the Tang Dynasty minister of works Channels Going with the Shi Lu experience, through the analysis of the officials to be the way of the official position and moved to minister of works, explore the impact factors of the official to serve as minister of works. The important feature of the Early Tang Channels Going participation Tang Kaiguo career officials and royal relatives moved to the minister of works, a higher proportion of Tang mid-imperial examination earners Channels Going to be the most important, the late Tang Dynasty reached climax. The factors influence officials moved to the minister of works can be seen through the analysis in some respects the need for special merit or competence eight. Chapter concurrently official and duties Qianzhuan of of the minister of works to examine the authority and status of the minister of works in the Tang Dynasty to decline in the late Tang Dynasty. Mainly includes three aspects: individual officer to serve as prime minister, to serve East are staying with Jiedushi conversion; position of minister of works in their career, including abnormal Qianzhuan of the minister of works, the term of office of the minister of works, the appointment of the minister of works age analysis; evaluation of the Industry officials including Chinese thinking and understanding, of the title of the Industry officials, minister of works serving performance analysis. In short, through the investigation of the administrative system and the personnel system of the Tang Dynasty, the minister of works, it is conducive to basic and comprehensive understanding of the Tang Dynasty chancery Province, six one and Industry, has laid a foundation for further study of the history of the Tang Dynasty.