Nature Reserves in China Ecological Compensation System
|School||Kunming University of Science and Technology|
|Course||Environment and Resources Protection Law|
|Keywords||nature reserves ecological compensation residents interests system establishment|
With the economic and social development, the impact of human activities on the natural world increasingly large, the resulting destruction of species habitat, loss of biodiversity, environmental pollution, degradation of ecological functions of the serious ecological and environmental problems, and these issues have threatened human survival and further development. A lot of research and practice show that establishment of nature reserves is the conservation of biological diversity and ecological service, functional recovery is the most important one of the most effective measures. But at the same time, the establishment of protected areas to local residents, businesses and even the development of the region have had an impact. This effect on the local and surrounding residents of protected areas is particularly evident:the exploitation of resources in protected areas as restricted or completely banned, or they have to change or give up their traditional way of life and production; in order to better protect the ecological environment, some residents also had to move out of their living off the land for generations. Nature Reserve protected area residents to make a sacrifice ecological and environmental protection, protected areas, because of their behavior to provide better public ecological services, ecological services for their beneficiaries should be compensated, not only is more Good management of protected areas to carry out the work needs, but also a fair idea of the expression. But our system, a complete ecological compensation system has not been established nature reserves, the prevalence of the main practice is unclear, the standard is unknown, single way, issues such as insufficient funds to construct a reasonable and effective system of protected areas, ecological compensation system is imminent.This article is divided into four parts of the ecological compensation system of nature reserves related to the theory and practice issues were discussed, including the first two parts of "questions" role, for the third part of the "Analysis of problems" and Part IV "Solving problems" has laid a theoretical foundation.The first part of the Nature Reserve has defined the concept of compensation, that is resolved, "What is the nature reserve of ecological compensation" issue. This chapter first lists the different disciplines of several statements on the ecological compensation, should not fall through the ecological compensation excluded from the contents of the definition of ecological compensation obtained. And author of several similar distinction between the concept of defining the scope of nature reserves. Finally, the "ecological compensation" and "Nature" to combine the definition of compensation given Nature Reserve, and analyzes their characteristics.The second part discusses the nature reserve the theoretical basis of ecological compensation system, mainly to solve the "why to build nature reserve compensation system" problem, and after the specific design of the system to provide theoretical support. This part of ecology, economics, law method for analysis of ecological compensation system, highlighting the protection of ecological compensation in legal theory, value theory about law and environmental justice theory is applied to the right of the theory of ecological compensation Reserve in particular pointed out that the protection of ecological compensation area residents access to the reason is because they are naturally entitled to use necessary for survival based on environmental and natural resources.Construction of the third part discusses the nature reserve of the practice of ecological compensation system status, China has not yet come to establish an independent, complete, the system of nature reserves ecological compensation system concluded that the existing protected areas and ecological compensation under the compensation compensation subject, compensation, compensation standards, compensation for financial intermediation, there defects in the legislative system.The fourth part of the response to these shortcomings, from the legislative mode of the establishment of basic principles, the establishment of basic legal system, improve the financing mechanisms discussed in four aspects in order to change the current system, then build from our natural Ecology and compensation system.