U.S. Multilateral Trade Policy Research ( 1934-2009 )
|Keywords||U.S. Trade Policy International powers of Conduct Domestic acts of power The multilateral trading system|
This paper attempts to analyze the U.S. multilateral trade policy and the relationship between the multilateral trading system, the core of the problem lies in the U.S. state power change on the U.S. What is the impact of multilateral trade policies, as well as how this influence affects the evolution of the multilateral trading system. This article from the national point of view, combined with the international system, domestic social Perspective U.S. multilateral trade policy-making process, from the U.S. point of view on the U.S. national power rise and fall of the multilateral trade policy changes and this change affect the multilateral trading system. On this basis, this paper proposes two core concepts of national power and international acts of domestic acts of power, the United States has led to changes in both the United States the power of multilateral trade policy changes, thereby affecting the development of the multilateral trading system. Therefore, this article international / domestic combination of analytical framework so that people better understand the conditions of globalization international / domestic interactions and the impact of this interaction. According to the U.S. powers of international behavior, this paper put the U.S. multilateral trade policy development is divided into three periods: the first period from 1934 to 1970, the period of international acts of the United States powers gradually formed, the United States is committed to trade liberalization, and led the establishment of the multilateral trading system; second period from 1971 to 1995, the period the decline of American power to international actors, the United States gradually adopt multilateral, regional, bilateral and unilateral trade policies, the multilateral trading system it threatened to undermine the power of control ; the third period from 1996 to 2009, with the establishment of WTO, the world has entered a new period of globalization, international actors power further weakened, the development of the multilateral trading system is also in trouble. According to the U.S. domestic acts of power, this paper also put the U.S. multilateral trade policy development is divided into three periods. The first period is \Under this system, the executive control of the U.S. trade policy, the United States is easier to develop multilateral trade policy and the multilateral trading system to promote development. The second period for the weakening of the \The Congress gradually weakened the administrative sector, and the trade policy of the United States. U.S. trade policy has gradually shifted from free trade to fair trade and management of trade changes. The third period is \Administrative agencies, Congress, special interest groups, civil society influenced the formulation of U.S. trade policy, further weakening the U.S. government to develop the capacity of the multilateral trade policy. Through the study American International power to change, and this change of behavior powers and domestic behavior on the impact of multilateral trade policy of the United States, this paper considers the change of state power in the United States, affecting the evolution of the multilateral trade policy and the multilateral trading system. With the gradual weakening of state power, the United States, the United States to develop multilateral trade policy and the multilateral trading system to promote the development of the ability to weaken the United States while taking multilateral, regional, bilateral and unilateral trade policy, U.S. trade policy has manifested as free trade and trade protection mixed , the world trading system is gradually dominated by the United States to the true sense of the direction of the development of the multilateral trading system.