Risk Assessment of Major Sports Events
|Course||Physical Education and Training|
|Keywords||Major sports events risk assessment Organizational Management Marketing|
With the social development, our people have become more and more interested in sports, revealing in the scope people step into and the frequency people do sports with, especially in China. As a result, all sorts of latent risk will affect the fast development of athletics in China and will hinder from meeting the international standards. Since the risk hiding in our country’s Sports fields has unique features, we should put high importance into risk assessment while consistently practicing and developing the major sports events. Their risk assessment is the basis of risk management, the main method to definite the requirement of information security and the planning process of information security management system. Risk assessment helps to understand the nature of the risk of major sports events, to explore the root causes of risk happening and to seize the core of risk management on main sport events, thereby to reduce the risk of major sports events and to provide the theoretical basis for strengthening risk management and establishing the restriction mechanisms.In this paper, literature, questionnaires, expert interviews, statistics, logical analysis and other research methods are applied. Starting form both organizational management and marketing, we can analyze the risk source, risk construction and the serious extent of risk of major sport events conducted in Jiangsu. In the end, we explained recent risk status of major sport events by quantitative standards.Fist of all research process, we start from the definition of the relevant concept, such as major sport events, risk, risk assessment. Secondly, in order to quantify major sport events’risk indicators, we will describe the theoretical basis of its indicator system construction. This theoretical basis consists of two parts:(1)event risk identification, to express risk source through the major sport events’risk formation, to notice currently facing various of risk and to classify it by the types of risk, to filter the major sport events’risk indicators through the principles of risk identification. (2) event risk assessment hierarchy, to form the indicators’levels, which involves two first-levels, nine second-levels and seventeen third-levels, on the theoretical basis of the risk identification. Thirdly, in order to turns qualitative description into quantitative one, we will use the triangular fuzzy numbers and analytic hierarchy process to build a mathematical model, which calculate the weight of each index by pairwise comparison of various indicators. Further more, we can clarify the calculation process of quantified indicators by some examples. Fourthly, we will analyze the current status of major sport events risk according to the weight of quantitative indicators. Finally, we have a conclusion and make a prospect.In order to work out how an important role risk events play in the major sports events, which equals to severity brought by risk, we may start with estimate the potential looses. According to the theoretical basis of risk assessment, this paper will begin with the fuzzy information which is got from pairwise comparison of all types of risk index. The triangular fuzzy number and Analytic Hierarchy Process are introduced into the decision making of events’risk. The experts’qualitative comparison with fuzzy information is transferred to quantitative description and effective fuzzy information is converted into precise value. As a result, to a certain extent, our experiential qualitative understanding is upgrade to scientific quantitative understanding. The assessment system will become more scientific, which will improve the ambiguity caused by human beings when deciding weight. These assessment methods are combined with comprehensive and practical.