The Study of Vegetables Export of China Based on the System of Green Barrier to Trade
|Course||Trade in food and culture|
|Keywords||Green trade barriers Vegetable Trade Positive List System Cost Quantitative analysis framework|
Since the 1990s, China's vegetable trade has developed rapidly from 1995 to 2005, the export volume of 2.1349 million tons to 6,801,900 tons, an increase of 2.19 times the export volume ranking first in the world. The vegetable industry is one of the few advantages products after joining the WTO agricultural exports. However, with the continuous expansion of the scale of China's vegetable export trade, green trade barriers has become one of the important trade barriers encountered by the development of China's vegetable trade. May 29, 2006, the implementation of the \In 2006, China's vegetable exports to Japan was 1.6676 million tons, the first negative growth of -2.24%. Therefore, how to quantify the impact of green trade barriers on China's exports of vegetables to take positive and effective measures to provide the basis for suggestions for China's government and enterprises, has become a major social research topics. In this study, a combination of qualitative and quantitative analysis, the combination of theoretical and empirical research, in-depth analysis and research green trade barriers, specific logical idea is as follows: First, from the height of the theory analysis of green trade barriers increasingly prevalent reason, namely sustainable theory of development theory and the internalization of environmental costs; Second, the article defines the concept of green trade barriers, a more profound analysis of the characteristics and performance in the form of green trade barriers; elaborate international rules of the game of green trade barriers. \and other environmental regulations. Among them, Japan's newly implemented \Secondly, start to study its effect on developing countries formed from the formation mechanism and the mechanism of action of the green trade barriers. For exporters, the negative effects of the green trade barriers mainly as lead to additional cost or forced out of the export market commitments \In this study, on the basis of a partial equilibrium model, both the quantitative analysis. Again, the study of our current vegetable production and trade situation, specifically to analyze the impact of the \increased costs, lower profits. Categories of vegetables, dried vegetables are relatively less than fresh frozen vegetables, preserved vegetables and processed. However, the available data indicate that dried vegetables has also been a certain influence. On this basis, the quantitative analysis of the \Quantitative analysis method is roughly divided into survey research methods in economics, a partial equilibrium model, computable general equilibrium model four major categories. In this study, analysis of exports to Japan for a specific category of products - green onions, the price difference method using partial equilibrium model is more appropriate. The quantitative analysis showed, 2005-2007, t GBT were higher than 200%, 2006 t GBT 60% increase over 2005. With the increase of the value of σ t GBT gradually smaller σ; α value of 0.5, t R 43.193 yen / kg, regardless of what value of the net benefits are negative , our welfare will always lose. With the increasing value of σ, the net welfare losses show a downward trend. Our welfare losses in 2006 than in 2005 rose sharply in 2007, a slight decrease. Therefore, the \Finally, empirical research shows that successful enterprises certified by the HACCP system and good agricultural norms (GAP), the establishment of product quality and safety traceability management system to break through the green trade barriers to ensure export enterprises. On this basis, the strategic thinking and countermeasures to deal with green trade barriers. China should be sustainable development of agriculture as a guide, green technology and industry into the development path, in order to enhance the level of standardization as the core of the vegetable industry, accelerate industrial upgrading of the vegetable industry, to improve China's vegetable industry's ability to break through the green trade barriers as soon as possible.