The Theories and Practices on the Research of Cultural History (1900-1949)
|School||East China Normal University|
|Course||Historical Theory and History|
|Keywords||Studies of Cultural History History of Chinese Culture Theory and Practice New History Research theory Liang Qichao Three Principles of the People New Humanism Fukuzawa Historical Materialism|
This article aims to review and review of the Chinese academic circles about the cultural history of the study of the theory (especially from the Western cultural history theory) and practice in the 1900-1949 period, by combing its development context, summarize its achievements gains and losses, and from one side to reveal a Chinese historian toward modern ways and characteristics. Research methods, and strive to achieve the unity of history and logic, that the cultural history of research in context throughout the 20th century social change and cultural exchange collision, the system of the theory and practice of the period of cultural history visits to reveal the basic trends and characteristics of the formation and development of the historians subdiscipline, in order to provide useful lessons for today's cultural history and cultural construction. Full text in addition to the history of the \history \British Bakr and Japan Fukuzawa first investigated the history of civilization theory input and its connotations, its core idea of ??historical progress as the research object, using the empirical methods of the natural sciences, scientific historians. Of course, Barker, and Fukuzawa is different. The former explore historical progress the powerful show off and thrall of science, which is in progress demanding and scientific experiments. Further analysis of the Liang, ZHANG Chen Fuchen people the idea of ??the Chinese History Compilation; pei the weekend academic history sequence and Liang Qichao's \History and Zhang Radiance \The second chapter is the \Explores the reasons for the increasing prevalence of 54 during the domestic Cultural History Research focus time the spread of various Western cultural history in China, visits Liang Qichao, Liu Yizheng, Chen D, Zhu Qian of Dongsun et al cultural history research practice. More Broad input scale of Western cultural history theory, not only international historians merged, and a hundred schools of thought contend the trend, the most representative of the \, and founded by Dr. Sun Yat-sen fully absorb Western culture ideological Three Principles of the People (Historical Materialism and Cultural History of Theory and Practice of the Three Principles of the People, we will discussed on the following chapters). \The new humanist Babbitt, concerned with mental, moral role in the development of cultural history, advocated the empirical study of history, the historian of the significance of the education. New life advocates to Bergson, Du Lishu concerned about the cultural history of the development of motivation, seen as the creation of the human instinct and knowledge, biology approach advocated the study of history. From a practical point of view, its when the cultural history of the results of the study, although not many, and some are not complete, but most groundbreaking significance. Liang \new life to the doctrine and other cultural concept of the show, its impact must not be discounted. Chapter blend of cultural history and social history, and Mao (1927-1937) \Think that the discussion of the social nature and the social history of polemics carried out in this period domestic academia, culture building, as well as the establishment of western cultural history of the system translating text of chemistry also try to promote the prosperity of the cultural history of the study. Theory of popular culture at the time, the concept of Social Sciences to focus on the social life, especially the life of the lower classes with, said in the Polyclinic research method; cultural anthropology is concerned about the spread of extraterritorial culture, comparative method; Three Principles of the People as a political and ideological concern of nationalism, democracy and people's livelihood, the ground looking concept is even more concerned about the the hometown cultural history, the latter two cultural history research theory can be said that all local self-generated. Business Edition \Wuyue culture FORUM \form their own study characteristics, it marks the Discipline Construction of China's cultural history is gradually forming. Chapter Cultural History Research (1937 - 1949) \During the war, patriotic nationalism become the soul of the most charismatic academic intellectual, and cultural history of the study is no exception. This chapter combined with the historical background to briefly examine the cultural nationalists Qian Mu's \spread \Kwok-keung, and Chen, high commission and 1940s Yanan, Chen Zhu with practice, \Demonstrate cultural history from the research and closely related to the characteristics of social and national life. I 'in the end, on the basis of the above discussion, from the history of the modern way, historians of modern and scientific point of view, analysis of the pros and cons of the half of the 20th century cultural history research. That the nature of the cultural history of the 20th century is based on institutional change over the abolition of the traditional culture and customs of improvement, it is still a considerable distance to the realization of modernization and development. Thus, the cultural history research in the academic has made considerable achievements, but on the whole, not ideal. It can be said that, until today, the academic norms on cultural history research, disciplinary system yet to be established, \its nature and meaning of each hold a say, difficult?