Research on UNCCD
|School||Southwest University of Political Science|
|Keywords||Environmental protection the land resource Desertification UNCCD|
In 1994, on the France’s diplomatic in Paris, the "United Nations convention on serious drought and (or) the desertification countries, especially in Africa anti-desertification convention got through. In October 1994, 112 countries represented converge in Paris, held a convention signing ceremony. Convention become the first international convention in the desertification area and perfected the international environmental law system. There are 40 articles in the convention, contains the introduction, the general, action plan, scientific and technological cooperation and support measures, institutions, program five parts, and includes Africa, Asia, Latin America and the Caribbean area, and the northern Mediterranean area four executive accessories.According to the convention’s structure and key, emphatically analyzed the convention text interpretation and reveal its advantages and disadvantages, which aroused people’s attention to the convention in order to develop the desertification work. This article is divided into six parts. The first part elaborated the background and significance of the convention, The second part through the convention general obligations, affected parties of obligations and the developed countries in the duties of contracting and relative comparison analysis of the convention on the rights and obligations of convention in regulation characteristics, The third part key interpretation of the convention of all parties action plan and execution, analysis the convention’s value and key realization, The fourth part analysis convention on the provisions of the scientific and technological cooperation with the realistic situation; The fifth part of the convention’s support measures, especially capital source and mechanism is analyzed, Finally in the sixth part of this convention of the advantages, shortcomings of holistic elucidated.The convention’s issued and implementation for the desertification prevention played an important role, desertification is us to protect the environment and protecting human living space, one of the important link of the 21st century is the century of continued development of economy and society, but also the ecological civilization and progress of the century. Desertification development to protect our environment is the convention contracting and all countries of the world of joint liability. By reviewing the study found that the UN convention on combating desertification in international environmental protection has become legal system is an important part of the world, but the system analysis and attention is extremely limited, most attention is only partially or quoted by the state, hope this paper can strengthen the from all walks of life to interpret the UN convention on combating desertification of attention, and bring more environmentalists who participate in the desertification control work, build the sustainable development of a harmonious home.