On Marcuse’s Critical Reason and New Sensibility Thought
|Course||The philosophy of Marxism|
|Keywords||Critical Reason New Sensibility Practice Philosophy Criticism Capital Criticism Modernity|
The thesis, by analyzing the dialectical sports of concepts and the negation of history, attempts to get to the real circumstances of human survival, in light of which to study Marcuse’s reason and sensibility, the logic concerning development, and the Modernity questions related with it. From the perspective of reason and new sensibility, their contradiction and coordination, the author probes into the contemporary social technology reason and alienation, after which a further research is made on cultural psychology, social and theoretical foundation of his thought. By clarifying the angle of Marcuse’s criticizing theory, the thesis points out the unique status of Marcuse in western Marxism and contemporary thought circle. The significance of Marxism in contemporary criticizing thought circle is also discussed.The main points are as follows:First, the causes and significance of reason and sensibility contemporary philosophy are studied. The contemporary significance of Marcuse’s reason and sensibility is that it is a breakthrough and foothold to understand modern civilization crisis. His theory, relating to Marx’s theory of human development, connecting with ancient Hegel philosophy as well as Greek philosophy, clarifies reason and sensibility, their fission and contradiction from sports of logos and Nous and in light of Marx’s theory of alienation labor and eros instinct of Freud theory, and is a transition of whole modern western philosophy. As disciple of Husserl and Heidegger, Marcuse’ theory is not plural, its thought demonstrates three characteristics: History is preferential; stress the foundation of individual survival; denying (criticizing) way of analysis and narration.Second, the content, value and enlightenment of reason and new sensibility are studied from the perspective of the integration of historical and historicity. The thesis points out that Marcuse, through the criticism of the stage construction, regards the rational original meaning as one kind and existence reason with synonymous freedom, revolution, progressive historical strength that deny that criticize, it is in the way history this that the people survive to be perceptual. In the modern society, technological reason is that the rational alienation behaves, become alienation which has lost the sense of reality to exist perceptually, reason and have survive division at the meaning and confront with each other between being sensibility, the culture that taught beginners since enlightenment era or civilization crisis is a rational crisis. Only construct the new scientific and technological view of paying attention to the peace, harmonious natural relation, especially the one that mould and pointed to rationality that history meets is new sensibility, could find the world lost. Critique rationality and new sensibility theory are to criticize one main growing point of theory later stage.Third, the theses affirms the aesthetic and political value of Marcuse ’reason and sensibility, and his theory of "conciliate". Accepting the aesthetic thought of Kant and Schiller, and Heidegger’s artistic truth view, Marcuse points out in sensibility and morals, i.e. during people’s the two poles present, " the aesthetic dimension " is occupying the status of centre, as the soul ability of person practicing, imagine strength having function mediated and liberated to perception and reason; Aesthetic form, self-containment and truth are identical, art not merely has a function of ideology, have political latent energy criticized , denied even more, it strives for the individual’s freedom and happiness; Aesthetics (art )is the people’s life style, therefore has proposed the theory of "not constraining life style", it make up one’s mind bad smell look at latitude of "remember" emphatically really. Marcuse fills in until culture heavy to refuse, resist contemporary proletariat class lose and reality socialist decline of sport of consciousness with aesthetic sensibility revolutionary thought of Utopia.Four, evaluate value and limit of the Marcuse’s thought, and stress the significance of Marx’ criticize of capital. Existence practice to pay attention to people, Marcuse’s criticize returns to practice aspect under the terms modernity to reason, sensibility thinking from thought and fact, this has special theory contribution to explanation which criticizes the theory and contemporary value of Marxism. The essence that the capital is the modernity behaves, looking at in historical materialism is inside the country, practice philosophy of Marx criticize, criticize and launch criticism to modernity through capital just, this is criticized by a kind of whole inherent history. If find, take the place of, take after meanwhile, at globalization times, society criticize theory essential, pay attention to the positive strength of the modern science and technology, should try hard to avoid the negative effects of western industrialized road and science and technology too; Social revolution is overall, pay attention to leading and mould people’s sensibility consciousness, pay close attention to the individual’s concrete and free and happiness, with paying attention to economy as important as social development.