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Theme Study of Brave New World in the Vision of Ecocriticism

Author GengChao
Tutor WangLiZuo
School Harbin Normal University
Course English Language and Literature
Keywords Huxley Ecocriticism Nature Technology Realistic Significance
Type Master's thesis
Year 2011
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Aldous Huxley is a famous novelist, essay writer, social critic, play writer, poet and mysterist in the 20th England society. He created more than fifty works of different kinds, whose themes include politics, philosophy, literature, music, art, architecture and science and technology. His works provide a great many materials for the literature study.Based on Huxley’s novel Brave New World and by cutting into the theme study as the main view, this thesis analyzes and explains the deep theme and the realistic significance on the theoretical basis of ecocriticism.In Chapter One, I briefly introduce Huxley and his great achievements, the summary of the novel and the focus of my thesis. First, the thesis will present the research situation on Huxley and his thoughts, and then it will analyze the text on the theoretical basis of ecociticism.Chapter Two is the theory foundation which provides huge support for the analysis of the text. This chapter includes the origin of ecocriticism and then states the two fields of ecocriticism—natural ecology and spiritual ecology. What’s more, in this chapter, the principles of ecocriticism are pointed out accurately.In Chapter Three, I mainly analyze the ecocriticism thoughts reflected in Brave New World. Two worlds exist in Brave New World:one is the realistic society Reservation dominated by nature while the other one is World State, a future society under the control of technology. World State is a morbid society in which everything is resigned to technology, including man’s feelings. Ecocriticm is the critique to the abuse of technology. But the Reservation is the reflection of summons to nature embodied in the thoughts of ecocriticism.In Chapter Four, I state the themes embodied in the novel. Under the contro of technology, society will become a consumer society. In such a society, people have no feelings of happiness and they have no ability of love or sadness.Chapter Five expounds the realistic significance of Brave New World. This "external study" which complements the above-mentioned literature—The "internal research", will help us understand the true themes and the full value of Huxley’s novelsThe final part summarizes and concludes this thesis.

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