Theoretical Research on Independent Innovation for Regional Economic Development
|School||Northeast Normal University|
|Keywords||Regional Independent Innovation Platform Construction Utilization of Knowledge Resources Capital Operation Independent Innovation Cultural Construction Institutional Supply Strategic Technology and Industry Selection Strategic Activities Jilin Province|
The regional independent innovation is a kind of innovation activities and innovation theory in the regional economic development. The independent innovation ability has become the decisive factor to gain competitive edge by regions. Stimulated by the Revolution of Science & Technology, various regions have chosen the promotion of science & technology progress and independent innovation as the development strategy to enhance competitive edge, as well as the protection and monopoly of independent intellectual property rights of high technologies as crucial means to participate in the international competition. To improve the independent innovation ability and to establish innovation-oriented country have become the major targets of the national economic society development. Therefore, the research on theories and practices for independent innovations has been the hot topic attracting attention and deep discussion from scholars. However, the current theoretical research and practical research on the regional independent innovations and their implementation mechanisms are still insufficient.With multi-disciplinary theories and methods such as regional economic development theory, innovation theory, modern systems science, etc., this paper studies the independent innovation theory in the regional economic development, uncovers the implementation mechanism of regional independent innovation and its inherent mechanism, conditions and process to boost economic development, and constructs the model for implementation mechanism of regional independent innovation. As an integrated system, the regional independent innovation is consisted of 4 subsystems, i.e., power system, condition system, process system and regulation system. The constituents of this system and their action patterns must be dynamic and self-organized, changing with changes of external world, and continuously self-updating and self-developing. The paper studies the driving and regulating functions of the power and regulation systems of regional independent innovation upon the implementation of regional independent innovation, analyzes the support function of conditions of regional independent innovation upon the implementation of regional independent innovation, discusses the implementation process of regional independent innovation, and studies the related issues, such as construction of regional independent innovation platform, utilization of knowledge resources, operation of invested science & technology capital, cultural construction, institutional supply, strategic technology and industry selection, strategic design, etc., building up the theoretical frame of independent innovation for regional economic development relatively systemically.The paper is consisted of 12 sections, divided into Introduction, Conclusions and 10 chapters of main body.The Introduction of the paper mainly describes the topic selection background, research meaning, current research conditions at home and abroad, as well as main contents and research methods of the paper.Chapter One, Theoretical Basis of Regional Independent Innovation. It reviews the paper-related regional economic development theories, regional innovation theories, as well as theories and practices of modern systems science, forming the references and lessons for the development and deep research of this paper.Chapter Two, Meanings and Implementation Mechanism of Regional Independent Innovation. It interprets the connotation of regional independent innovation, presents 5 layers of meanings of regional independent innovation, builds the model for implementation mechanism of regional independent innovation, analyzes the implementation mechanism of regional independent innovation in 3 aspects, i.e., power and regulation constituent system, condition constituent system and process constituent system, and discusses the epoch meaning of regional independent innovation in 7 aspects.Chapter Three, Construction of Regional Independent Innovation Platform. It interprets the functions of regional independent innovation platform, divides the structures of regional independent innovation platform from the perspectives of constituents and functions, analyzes the constraint factors restricting the functioning of regional independent innovation platform, and introduces the successful experiences in establishing the independent innovation platform in countries such as Germany, England, India, Ireland, etc.Chapter Four, Utilization of Knowledge Resources for Regional Independent Innovation. It interprets the position of knowledge resources in the regional innovation, studies the knowledge resources utilization mechanisms for regional independent innovation, determines the principles for knowledge resources utilization, analyzes the operation mechanism for knowledge resources utilization, presents the 6 utilization ways of knowledge resources for regional independent innovation, and introduces the experiences in the knowledge resources utilization for regional independent innovation in countries and regions such as Scotland, USA, Japan, Taiwan, etc.Chapter Five, Capital Operation of Regional Independent Innovation. It studies the characteristics of science & technology investment of regional independent innovation and their functions upon the regional independent innovation, studies the operation approaches of science & technology investment capital of regional independent innovation based on the lifecycle laws of technological innovation, and introduces the successful experiences in the capital operation of independent innovation in countries such as USA, Germany, Korea, Japan, etc.Chapter Six, Cultural Construction of Regional Independent Innovation. It interprets the connotation of regional culture, analyzes the characteristic of culture of regional independent innovation, studies the action mechanism of culture of regional independent innovation, discusses the requirements for the culture of regional independent innovation, and presents the ways for culture construction of regional independent innovation in 5 aspects.Chapter Seven, Institutional Supply of Regional Independent Innovation. It studies the requirements for regional independent innovation system in the microcosmic and macrocosmic aspects, discusses the institutional supply issue of regional independent innovation in 9 aspects, such as strengthening the protection of intellectual property, establishing the cooperation & sharing mechanism, continuous perfecting the policy system environment, etc., and introduces the experiences in the institutional supply of independent innovation in countries such as USA, Japan, France, Finland, etc.Chapter Eight, Technology and Industry Selection of Regional Independent Innovation. It interprets the 5 important meanings of selection and development of strategic technology and industry, studies the connotation, characteristics, selection principles and implementation approach of strategic technology and strategic industry, and introduces the successful experiences in the development of strategic technology and industry in countries such as USA, Korea, etc.Chapter Nine, Strategic Design of Regional Independent Innovation. After defining the opportunity connotation, it interprets the importance to grasp opportunities and presents 7 major opportunities of regional independent innovation under the conditions of knowledge-based economy and globalization; after studying the principles and criteria of strategic model selection for regional independent innovation, it explores the connotation and characteristics of 3 independent innovation strategic models of regional economic development, i.e., original innovation, integrated innovation and secondary innovation, as well as their influence upon regional economic development, and presents 5 implementation approaches of regional independent innovation strategy.Chapter Ten, Empirical Study of Independent Innovation for Jilin Economic Development. After analyzing the present situation of independent innovation for Jilin economic development, it explores the obstacles, as well as their causes, against the independent innovation for Jilin economic development, and presents 5 fundamental approaches for Jilin economic development by independent innovation.