Research on Supply Efficiency of Rural Public Goods
|School||Hunan Agricultural University|
|Course||Agricultural Economics and Management|
|Keywords||Rural public goods Efficiency DEA Degree of satisfaction|
The goal of the article is to construct an analysis frame of supply efficiency onrural public goods, and provide the basic tool to evaluate the local governmentefficiency. The basic concept of this article is: The essence of the supply efficiency onrural public goods is based on the farmers’ satisfaction and the organic unificationbetween fair efficiency. It is difficult to correctly evaluate the supply efficiency on ruralpublic goods that only appraising the local government expenditure benefit orestimating the farmers’ satisfaction.The article logic construction is that first it defines the supply efficiency on ruralpublic goods value target system, and then analyzes how to cognize, survey, evaluateand improves the efficiency.The article divides into two parts. One is literature research and the standardresearch in view of the theory of the supply efficiency on rural public goods, the methodof the efficiency evaluation, the system efficiency and efficiency system vicissitude andso on. The other is empirical research on Hunan Province’s supply efficiency on ruralpublic goods. This part from the government and the farmer two kinds of angles of view,by macroscopic and microscopic two stratification planes uses the econometricsmodel method researching the exogenous and exogenous variable on effecting thecountryside public supplies efficiency,The two part of this article construct "the double-decked efficiency factor analysismodel" of the supply efficiency on rural public goods. In macroscopic this model takesthe local government expenditure and disbursement on agriculture as a platform,analyzes the macroscopic efficiency of countryside public supplies (DEA), and furtherapplies the Tobit return, studying the influence of the DEA efficiency exogenousvariable. In the microscopic this model takes the farmers’ satisfaction on the supplyefficiency of public goods as a foundation, carries on the Probit return factor analysis toCSI endogenous variable, then studies the environment difference between city andcountryside effecting to the CSI exterior intervention. Finally, this article using "thedouble-decked efficiency factor analysis" model, based on the macroscopic andmicroscopic efficiency systematic analysis, in view of different characteristic of localsupply efficiency on rural public goods system, proposes a "double-decked synergeticinnovation pattern" for countryside public supplies that contains" animating the storagequantity, expanding the increase; economizing the resource, promoting the potency; Dividing reform of power, developing the overall plan".Through the theoretical analysis of the supply efficiency on rural public goods, theinstitutional framework research and the empirical research, this article has a basicconclusion:It is an important efficiency goal to realizes equity and justice on the countrysidepublic supplies. In our country, public goods supply has X efficiency, inducementefficiency and extrusion efficiency that conduces complexity and difficulty on accurateevaluation. To improve and enhance the supply efficiency on rural public goods, it mustdefer to scientific development view and the harmonious social theory, with the systemtheory, from macroscopic and microscopic, the government and the farmer, the internaland the external cause, synthetically evaluating the present situation, the question andthe rule of the supply efficiency on rural public goodsThe system vicissitude of the supply efficiency on rural public goods has theobvious path dependence characteristic in our country. The peasant household familysupplies pattern has the deep historical origin. In the recent 30 years reform and openpolicy, the tax reform provided the supply efficiency on rural public goods a newturning point. But, after the tax reform main body of the rural public goods supply iseven more singleness, the responsibility is more centralized, the farmer bears is prorecessivation, and the public financial investment heavily drains. The overall changetendency of the rural public goods supply system efficiency is not optimistic.In brief, the fraction of coverage of the rural public goods supply is still low in ourcountry at present. The farmers’ enthusiasm on expending public goods andparticipating to provide the public goods is not high. The farmers evaluate the supplyefficiency of public goods on the standard that if it is useful to themselves. Many localgovernments take the expenditure benefit as the evaluation criteria of the supplyefficiency on rural public goods. This article believed that, it cannot isolated take one asthe standard, not only the macroscopic expenditure efficiency or the microscopicfarmers’ subjective evaluation. The evaluation must pay great attention to the overallcoordination between macroscopic and microscopic efficiency. To realize the supplyefficiency on rural public goods system innovation, it must exert the two enthusiasms,the governments and the farmers. It is an important way to enhance the efficiency thatimproving and consummating the mechanism of the countryside public demandexpression.