Research on Input and Output Efficiency of Doctoral Unit in China Universities Based on DEA
|School||Southwest Jiaotong University|
|Course||Educational Economy and Management|
|Keywords||Doctoral Data envelopment analysis (DEA) Input and output efficiency|
With the rapid development of university doctoral programs, the rational allocation of resources for doctoral become a topic of common concern. The late 1990s, China University doctoral entered a stage of rapid development, the Dr point scale has caught up with even more than the western developed countries, but because of our doctoral started late, Dr. point are still some gaps in the overall level of development of the Western developed countries . Existing research, and more to higher education, the university research system in Universities efficiency evaluation object, not deep into the efficiency of the doctoral research, ignore the particularity of the layers of Education carrier. Doctoral research, and there are focused on the quality of doctoral education doctoral explore institutional issues, their suggestions can not guide practical action from the micro-level, the allocation of resources from an efficiency point of view to study doctoral seem is very important. The input-output efficiency of doctoral studies, can effectively provide direction and basis for the construction of university doctoral. Based on the input and output characteristics of university doctoral establish the inputs and outputs of university doctoral evaluation index system, and the use of data envelopment analysis (DEA) method, 29 in China directly under the Ministry of Education, 985 doctoral efficiency evaluation given input redundancy out of the non-DEA effective university doctoral indicators and outputs an insufficient amount. Meanwhile, the combination Evaluation, the University doctoral efficiency analysis of different combinations. The main conclusions of the study are as follows: 1 in 29 colleges and universities in the sample, DEA effective college 18 non-DEA effective college 11 accounted evaluate the proportion of the colleges and universities of the total number of 62.07% and 37.93%, respectively, directly under the Ministry of Education 29 985 University doctoral input-output efficiency is higher overall. 2 from scale efficiency of Chinese Universities Doctoral point of view, 29 universities, 18 colleges and universities doctoral scale efficiency is unchanged, four university doctoral scale efficiency is decreasing, seven universities doctoral scale efficiency The increment in the state, the proportion of 62.07%, 13.79%, and 24.14%, respectively. This suggests that, on the whole, most colleges and universities doctoral scale efficiency is unchanged or incremental state. 3. Projection analysis calculated the seven non-DEA effective college doctoral input reduction and output can increase the amount of non-DEA effective colleges target projection value, and given relatively effective college. Also found that the amount of output is insufficient focus on foreign and national publications published a number of papers and the national number of key disciplines; investment in the amount of redundancy out mainly in teaching and research equipment worth. Through a combination of indicators and computational efficiency of different combinations, found DEA effective colleges and universities in the three portfolio maintained a higher efficiency value, in the middle of the state colleges and universities, there is some combination of high efficiency values, some combination of efficiency low value, in a non-DEA effective colleges and universities in some combination of higher efficiency value.