Rural grassroots democracy within the party
|School||The Central Party School|
|Course||The doctrine of the party and party building|
|Keywords||Inner-party democracy Rural Grass-roots democracy within the party Grass-roots democracy Political development Contemporar China|
The inner-party democracy in the rural area is not only "experimental field" of the inner-party democracy, but also a "boosters" . Since reform and opening, with the continuous progress of reform of the political system, inner-party democracy and grass-roots democracy has shown a good momentum of development. Correspondingly, the research in theory increases. However, The inner-party democracy in the rural area which is the unite of inner-party democracy and grassroots democracy did not receive sufficient attention and systematic study. It dosen’t accommodate to the practice which is doing. The way of democratic development as "inner Party - community,’" + ’grass-roots level - the upper,’ " has been proving to conform to basic national conditions of China and the logic situation of political developments. It’s of great significance to give more study on the field of rural grassroots democracy within the party.Different experience and enlightenment can be obtained through different viewpoint to observe the rural grass-roots inner-party democracy.It has been proved by the existing research results .This paper study system-deeply of rural grassroots democracy within the party by a grand viewpoint----China’s political development in the present age. The reason why choose this viewpoint is mainly based on a rational judgement: there is a very close relationship between the rural grassroots party democracy and political development in present China. In a certain sense, the rural grass-roots democracy development of inner-party determines the level of political development in present China. At the same time, the overall level of development of Chinese politics will affect and constrain the development of rural grassroots democracy within the party. This is a two-way interactive relationship, which provide us a more academic space to study on rural grassroots democracy within the party.Based on the importance of the issue and its relevance, the paper stands on the Marxist theory of party building and socilalist political theory of development democracy with Chinese characteristics, particularly of the Marxist concept of democracy and political development of socialism with Chinese characteristics. The main line is the development of the rural grassroots democracy within the party. It follows the theoretical interpretation and Study through practice, analysis, routing, system innovation, evaluation system, and so on logical order. It analyzes and combs the theory of the rural grass-roots development of inner-party democracy and development, the system and path, development and evaluation. With a viewpoint of integrating theory and practice, it further explains the theory of the rural grassroots democracy within the party and sums up experiences of rural grassroots democracy within the party and promotes the development of rural grassroots democracy within the party.The paper is composed of introduction and the main text of 7 chapters. Introduction mainly notes the origin and the significance, the present situation of research and literature review, the focus and analytical framework, methodology and major innovation. The main content of each chapter is followed:Chapter 1, The theoretical analysis of rural grassroots democracy within the party. This chapter use the method from the general to special. In first, It analyzes the values Enlightenment of democratic development of the western of democracy and the basic content of the Marxist democracy view, and then expounds the meaning and substance of the inner-party democracy by the viewpoint which is from Marxist political party founding and development. On the basis of this, it described the Meaning and substance of rural grassroots democracy within the party , features and functions. All provide a basis for the followed theoretical analysis.Chapter 2, the rural grass-roots democracy of inner-party and political development in contemporary China. This chapter bases on the background of the political development in contemporary China. Firstly it expounds the value of location of the inner-party democracy in contemporary China’s political development, then it analys the close relationship of the rural grass-roots inner-party democracy and political development in the rural areas and further elaborates the necessity and inherent requirement of the development of rural grassroots democracy within the party by a different viewpoint of building a new socialist countryside. At the last, it analysis the challenges which is faced by rural grassroots democracy within the party through power sources, the use of power and governance.Chapter 3, The lively practice of rural grassroots democracy within the party since reform and opening. With Sichuan being visit object and in my humble opinion,this chapter describes the full view of rural grassroots development of inner-party democracy since reform and opening. Based on practice and logic of the development of rural grassroots democracy within the party, this chapter has selected four representative and analytical cases which are: Suining City in the area of direct elections in Buyun chief executive of a township government cases, Xindu District of Chengdu - Portland town of public nomination and direct elections party secretary of cases, Xindu District of Chengdu City, "will open three" cases, Yucheng District of Ya’an party congress permanent system cases. In these cases an objective description ,at the same time, pay attention to their analysis of the background and the significance and the issues raised by this and thought, which gives the discussion of emotional and practical knowledge.Chapter 4, analysis of the problems in rural grass-roots democracy of inner-party. From the background of the contemporary political development of China, this chapter has an overall analysis of the problem in the rural grassroots democracy within the party. Through the analysis of awareness lagging behind and the contradictions of power structure, the supply system’s deficiencies, conflict between political and cultural in transition stage. So deep-seated causes and development problem can be revealed, which affect and restrict the rural grass-roots inner-party democracy.Chapter 5, path choosing of rural grassroots party the of democratic development under the new situation. On the basis of theoretical analysis and empirical research, this chapter seeks to promote the development of rural grassroots democracy within the party have a role theoretical guidance and inspiration, from a macro sense, to the new situation of rural grass-roots development of democracy within the party’s basic principle and the development of ideas and development orientation.Chapter 6, system of innovation of the rural grassroots democracy within the party. This chapter mainly confer the system innovation from the sense of procedures by following : the grassroots party electoral system with the emphasis on public nomination and direct elections, Party congress system with tenure, Grass-roots participation in the party system with open party, Social supervision system with evaluation of the public. The tenure system for the party to focus on the party congress system in order to party with a focus on public participation in the party primary system to the masses Focus on evaluation of the social supervision system. The main points include the importance of innovation, the direction and specific initiatives, questions related to the development and thinking, to highlight the development of rural grassroots democracy within the party’s practical and innovative.Chapter 7, the evaluation system of rural grass-roots democracy within the party. It is an important part of the building of the rural grass-roots inner-party democracy that the situation of the development of rural grassroots democracy within the party is evaluated. This chapter is around why focus on evaluation, who evaluated, evaluate what, how to assess and so on, and analys importance of the evaluation system, the main evaluation, assessment principles, assessment, evaluation methods of the construction of rural grassroots democracy within the party, so that the rural grassroots party Democratic theory and practice improve.