Fiscal policy research to promote urban and rural compulsory education equalization
|School||Capital University of Economics|
|Keywords||Compulsory education Equalization Fiscal policy|
Since the reform and opening up, China's economic and social development, people's living standards have been significantly improved; However, due to a variety of historical and current system of urban-rural dual structure factors still exist between China's urban and rural areas with more obvious gap between urban and rural obligations unequal development between education is one of them. The inequality of the development of urban and rural compulsory education to the community will have a severe negative effect the one hand, and the compulsory education in rural areas lagging behind restricting the improvement of the quality of the rural population, the impact of the development of the rural economy, hinder the advance of China's urbanization process , it will cause a sharp differentiation of social strata in China, which is not conducive to the goal of building a harmonious society in China; On the other hand, it will make China's urban-rural relations toward a more balanced direction. Visible, the equalization of the compulsory education, career development plays an active role in the promotion of social justice, the process of bridging the gap between. Development of compulsory education equalization responsibilities, mainly in the government, therefore, to promote the harmonious development of urban and rural compulsory education equalization of fiscal policy studies for China's economic and social, has very important significance to promote equalization of basic public services. How to use fiscal policy to promote the equalization of development of China's urban and rural compulsory education study, divided into the following five parts: The first part introduces the topics of theoretical and practical significance of the papers, the literature review, research content, The idea of ??the method as well as innovation of this paper; second part focuses on the theory and basic concepts of connotation; third part on non-equalization of the status quo of the urban and rural compulsory education obtained both from the financial investment (national financial spending on education), or from the allocation of resources (raw compulsory education expenditures, school conditions and teacher structure), point of view, the allocation between the urban and rural compulsory education there is still a gap; Part IV explores the cause urban and rural compulsory education in non- equalization of the reasons for the development, which are summarized as the \help to better analyze the uneven development of urban and rural compulsory education, so as to more accurately make appropriate fiscal policy; fifth part, combined with China's national conditions, based on the above analysis, fiscal policy to promote urban and rural development of compulsory education equalization and other relevant supporting policies. Special focus on the general idea of ??fiscal policy for the development of compulsory education should be \based on specific fiscal policy should be taken, namely to increase the compulsory education financial investment, and improve compulsory education in the fiscal decentralization system, standardize the fiscal transfer system for compulsory education and other funds, the system security policy. The point of this article is to lead to mainly urban-rural dual structure of urban and rural compulsory education, non-equalization of the status quo curing, compulsory education finance system transition to decentralization, financial investment on compulsory outstanding rationalization and compulsory education system of transfer payments to the lack of standardization, the paper argues that should by increasing compulsory education financial investment, and improve compulsory education in the fiscal decentralization system, standardize the compulsory education system of fiscal transfers and other funds, the system security policy to promote the development of rural compulsory education equalization.